Article

Hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 negatively regulates T cell receptor signaling and T cell-mediated immune responses.

Department of Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.
Nature Immunology (Impact Factor: 24.97). 02/2007; 8(1):84-91. DOI: 10.1038/ni1416
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT HPK1 is a Ste20-related serine-threonine kinase that inducibly associates with the adaptors SLP-76 and Gads after T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Here, HPK1 deficiency resulted in enhanced TCR-induced phosphorylation of SLP-76, phospholipase C-gamma1 and the kinase Erk, more-persistent calcium flux, and increased production of cytokines and antigen-specific antibodies. Furthermore, HPK1-deficient mice were more susceptible to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Although the interaction between SLP-76 and Gads was unaffected, the inducible association of SLP-76 with 14-3-3tau (a phosphorylated serine-binding protein and negative regulator of TCR signaling) was reduced in HPK1-deficient T cells after TCR stimulation. HPK1 phosphorylated SLP-76 and induced the interaction of SLP-76 with 14-3-3tau. Our results indicate that HPK1 negatively regulates TCR signaling and T cell-mediated immune responses.

0 Followers
 · 
75 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: THEMIS is critical for conventional T-cell development, but its precise molecular function remains elusive. Here, we show that THEMIS constitutively associates with the phosphatases SHP1 and SHP2. This complex requires the adapter GRB2, which bridges SHP to THEMIS in a Tyr-phosphorylation-independent fashion. Rather, SHP1 and THEMIS engage with the N-SH3 and C-SH3 domains of GRB2, respectively, a configuration that allows GRB2-SH2 to recruit the complex onto LAT. Consistent with THEMIS-mediated recruitment of SHP to the TCR signalosome, THEMIS knock-down increased TCR-induced CD3-ζ phosphorylation, Erk activation and CD69 expression, but not LCK phosphorylation. This generalized TCR signalling increase led to augmented apoptosis, a phenotype mirrored by SHP1 knock-down. Remarkably, a KI mutation of LCK Ser59, previously suggested to be key in ERK-mediated resistance towards SHP1 negative feedback, did not affect TCR signalling nor ligand discrimination in vivo. Thus, the THEMIS:SHP complex dampens early TCR signalling by a previously unknown molecular mechanism that favours T-cell survival. We discuss possible implications of this mechanism in modulating TCR output signals towards conventional T-cell development and differentiation. © 2014 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.
    The EMBO Journal 12/2014; 34(3). DOI:10.15252/embj.201387725 · 10.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The activation of T cells mediated by the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) requires the interaction of dozens of proteins, and its malfunction has pathological consequences. Our major focus is on new developments in the systems-level understanding of the TCR signal-transduction network. To make sense of the formidable complexity of this network, we argue that 'fine-grained' methods are needed to assess the relationships among a few components that interact on a nanometric scale, and those should be integrated with high-throughput '-omic' approaches that simultaneously capture large numbers of parameters. We illustrate the utility of this integrative approach with the transmembrane signaling protein Lat, which is a key signaling hub of the TCR signal-transduction network, as a connecting thread.
    Nature Immunology 08/2014; 15(9):790-797. DOI:10.1038/ni.2959 · 24.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proinflammatory cytokines play important roles in insulin resistance. Here we report that mice with a T-cell-specific conditional knockout of HGK (T-HGK cKO) develop systemic inflammation and insulin resistance. This condition is ameliorated by either IL-6 or IL-17 neutralization. HGK directly phosphorylates TRAF2, leading to its lysosomal degradation and subsequent inhibition of IL-6 production. IL-6-overproducing HGK-deficient T cells accumulate in adipose tissue and further differentiate into IL-6/IL-17 double-positive cells. Moreover, CCL20 neutralization or CCR6 deficiency reduces the Th17 population or insulin resistance in T-HGK cKO mice. In addition, leptin receptor deficiency in T cells inhibits Th17 differentiation and improves the insulin sensitivity in T-HGK cKO mice, which suggests that leptin cooperates with IL-6 to promote Th17 differentiation. Thus, HGK deficiency induces TRAF2/IL-6 upregulation, leading to IL-6/leptin-induced Th17 differentiation in adipose tissue and subsequent insulin resistance. These findings provide insight into the reciprocal regulation between the immune system and the metabolism.
    Nature Communications 08/2014; 5:4602. DOI:10.1038/ncomms5602 · 10.74 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
20 Downloads
Available from
Jul 4, 2014