The role of WRN in DNA repair is affected by post-translational modifications.
ABSTRACT Werner syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive progeroid disease characterized by genomic instability. WRN gene encodes one of the RecQ helicase family proteins, WRN, which has ATPase, helicase, exonuclease and single stranded DNA annealing activities. There is accumulating evidence suggesting that WRN contributes to the maintenance of genomic integrity through its involvement in DNA repair, replication and recombination. The role of WRN in these pathways can be modulated by its post-translational modifications in response to DNA damage. Here, we review the functional consequences of post-translational modifications on WRN as well as specific DNA repair pathways where WRN is involved and discuss how these modifications affect DNA repair pathways.
Article: Centre de référence spina-bifidaAnnals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 10/2011; 54. DOI:10.1016/j.rehab.2011.07.476
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ABSTRACT: Loss of Werner syndrome protein function causes Werner syndrome, characterized by increased genomic instability, elevated cancer susceptibility and premature aging. Although WRN is subject to acetylation, phosphorylation and sumoylation, the impact of these modifications on WRN's DNA metabolic function remains unclear. Here, we examined in further depth the relationship between WRN acetylation and its role in DNA metabolism, particularly in response to induced DNA damage. Our results demonstrate that endogenous WRN is acetylated somewhat under unperturbed conditions. However, levels of acetylated WRN significantly increase after treatment with certain DNA damaging agents or the replication inhibitor HU. Use of DNA repair-deficient cells or repair pathway inhibitors further increase levels of acetylated WRN, indicating that induced DNA lesions and their persistence are at least partly responsible for increased acetylation. Notably, acetylation of WRN correlates with inhibition of DNA synthesis, suggesting that replication blockage might underlie this effect. Moreover, WRN acetylation modulates its affinity for and activity on certain DNA structures, in a manner that may enhance its relative specificity for physiological substrates. Our results also show that acetylation and deacetylation of endogenous WRN is a dynamic process, with sirtuins and other histone deacetylases contributing to WRN deacetylation. These findings advance our understanding of the dynamics of WRN acetylation under unperturbed conditions and following DNA damage induction, linking this modification not only to DNA damage persistence but also potentially to replication stalling caused by specific DNA lesions. Our results are consistent with proposed metabolic roles for WRN and genomic instability phenotypes associated with WRN deficiency.Biogerontology 06/2014; 15(4). DOI:10.1007/s10522-014-9506-3 · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Werner syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the WRN gene. WRN helicase, a member of the RecQ helicase family, is involved in various DNA metabolic pathways including DNA replication, recombination, DNA repair and telomere maintenance. In this study, we have characterized the G574R missense mutation, which was recently identified in a WS patient. Our biochemical experiments with purified mutant recombinant WRN protein showed that the G574R mutation inhibits ATP binding, and thereby leads to significant decrease in helicase activity. Exonuclease activity of the mutant protein was not significantly affected, whereas its single strand DNA annealing activity was higher than that of wild type. Deficiency in the helicase activity of the mutant may cause defects in replication and other DNA metabolic processes, which in turn could be responsible for the Werner syndrome phenotype in the patient. In contrast to the usual appearance of WS, the G574R patient has normal stature. Thus the short stature normally associated with WS may not be due to helicase deficiency.DNA repair 04/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.dnarep.2013.03.004 · 3.36 Impact Factor