Sensitivity of erythemally effective UV irradiance and daily exposure to uncertainties in measured total ozone.
ABSTRACT In this study the sensitivity of the erythemally effective radiation to uncertainties in operationally measured total ozone content of the atmosphere (TOC) was estimated. For this, daily operational TOC measurements from different instruments were applied covering the period from 1997 to 1999. Measurements were gained from space by Earth Probe Satellite, Earth Remote Sensing satellite/Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment and Operational Vertical Sounder and from the ground by Dobson and Brewer spectrophotometers for the locations of Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic, 50 degrees N), Nairobi (Kenya, 1 degrees S) and Springbok (Republic of South Africa, 30 degrees S). The values were used as input parameter to model calculations of erythemally effective irradiance and daily radiant exposure. The differences due to the use of TOC from different sources were analyzed with respect to the Ultraviolet Index (UVI). The UVI was introduced as a tool for sun protection and health care. Therefore, it is of special importance to know the restriction of accuracy. As a tool of health care, the maximum uncertainties are of interest and are described in using the 95%-percentile and the maximum differences. This study shows that differences, i.e. uncertainties (95%-percentile) are in the order of 1 UVI. Independently on the location, however, extreme differences may overstep 3 UVI. For the daily dose the 95%-percentile is around 7.5 UVI hours (UVIh) but differences higher than 20 UVIh were also found.
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ABSTRACT: The total ozone column (TOC) is the most significant quantity for estimating the erythemally effective UV radiation under clear sky conditions. Uncertainties in TOC measurements and a limited spatial and temporal resolution therefore influence the quality of calculated erythemally effective radiation. The UV Index, the internationally accepted measure of the erythemally effective radiation, is used in public and the media to inform about current levels of UV radiation and builds the base for sun protection. Thus, the accuracy of the promoted values is essential. While in a preceding study we estimated the influence of measurement uncertainties, in this study we analyze the influence of spatial gaps and variability of TOC to the erythemally effective irradiance at noon and to the daily dose. The results allow defining the necessary spatial resolution of TOC values when a certain accuracy for the UV Index or for the purpose of sun protection is required. In case of the erythemally effective irradiance this study reveals that spatial gaps in TOC or the assumption of spatial invariability causes similar uncertainties independent of the geographic location. At higher latitudes the higher spatial variability of TOC counteracts the lower level of irradiance. For the daily dose gaps in TOC have an even higher impact at higher latitudes.Photochemistry and Photobiology 02/2008; 84(5):1149-63. · 2.29 Impact Factor