Prognosis of AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy depends exclusively on tumor-related factors.
ABSTRACT To assess complete remission (CR) and survival in patients with systemic AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (ARL) receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
We analyzed the Grupo de Estudio del SIDA register of systemic ARL, which started in Jan 1994, to collect cases diagnosed at 15 institutions prospectively and with active follow-up every 6 months. The date of censorship for this study was March 2005.
During the study period, 210 consecutive patients were diagnosed with ARL, with a median age 39 of years, 75.7% of whom were male, and with a median baseline CD4 count of 160 cells/microL. Histologic subtypes were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL; n = 153 [72.9%]), Burkitt and atypical Burkitt/Burkitt-like lymphoma (BL; n = 40 [19.0%]), T-cell lymphoma (TC; n = 8 [3.8%]), and miscellaneous (n = 9 [4.3%]). Chemotherapy with or without other modalities was administered to 186 (88.6%) patients. In an intent-to-treat analysis of 184 patients who received at least 1 chemotherapy course with adequate follow-up to assess their response, 119 (64.7%) achieved CR, and the median length of survival (Kaplan-Meier analysis) was 52 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 23 to 82 months). Factors independently associated with CR were histologic subtype and International Prognostic Index (IPI) score. Factors independently associated with improved overall length of survival (OS) were CR, low IPI score, and histologic subtype. The single factor independently associated with disease-free survival was Ann Arbor stage.
In patients with ARL treated with HAART, CR was associated exclusively with tumor-related factors. The CR rate was poorer in patients with BL and TC subtypes and was inversely correlated with IPI score. OS was independently associated with CR, IPI score, and the histologic subtype.
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ABSTRACT: Despite the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy or combination antiretroviral therapy (HAART and cART, respectively) patients infected with HIV might develop certain types of cancer more frequently than uninfected people. Lymphomas represent the most frequent malignancy among patients with HIV. Other cancer types that have increased in these patients include Kaposi sarcoma, cancer of the cervix, anus, lung and liver. In the post-HAART era, however, patients with HIV have experienced a significant improvement in their morbidity, mortality and life expectancy. This Review focuses on the different types of lymphomas that generally occur in patients with HIV. The combination of cART and antineoplastic treatment has resulted in remarkable prolongation of disease-free survival and overall survival among patients with HIV who develop lymphoma. However, the survival in these patients still lags behind that of patients with lymphoma who are not infected with HIV. We also provide an update of epidemiological data, diagnostic issues, and strategies regarding the most-appropriate management of patients with both HIV and lymphomas.Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology 03/2014; · 15.03 Impact Factor
- Revista medica de Chile 02/2012; 140(2):243-250. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: While the International Prognostic Index is commonly used to predict outcomes in immunocompetent patients with aggressive B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas, HIV-infection is an important competing risk for death in patients with AIDS-related lymphomas. We investigated whether a newly created prognostic score (AIDS-related lymphoma International Prognostic Index) could better assess risk of death in patients with AIDS-related lymphomas. We randomly divided a dataset of 487 patients newly diagnosed with AIDS-related lymphomas and treated with rituximab-containing chemoimmunotherapy into a training (n=244) and validation set (n=243). We examined the association of HIV-related and other known risk factors with overall survival in both sets independently. We defined a new score (AIDS-related lymphoma International Prognostic Index) by assigning weights to each significant predictor (age-adjusted international prognostic index, extranodal sites, HIV-score [composed of CD4 count, viral load, and prior history of AIDS]) with three risk categories similar to the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (low, intermediate and high risk). We compared the prognostic value for overall survival between AIDS-related lymphoma International Prognostic Index and age-adjusted International Prognostic Index in the validation set and found that the AIDS-related lymphoma International Prognostic Index performed significantly better in predicting risk of death than the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (p=0.004) and better discriminated risk of death between each risk category (p=0.015 vs. p=0.13).Haematologica 08/2014; · 5.94 Impact Factor