A rationally designed synthetic mimic of the discontinuous CD4-binding site of HIV-1 gp120.
ABSTRACT Synthetic mimetics of the CD4-binding site of HIV-1 gp120 are promising candidates for HIV-1 entry inhibition, as well as immunogen candidates for the elicitation of virus-neutralizing antibodies. On the basis of the crystal structure of gp120 in complex with CD4, we have used a recently introduced strategy for the generation of structurally diverse scaffolds to design and synthesize a scaffolded peptide, in which three fragments, making up the sequentially discontinuous binding site of gp120 for CD4, are presented in a nonlinear and discontinuous fashion through a molecular scoffold, which restrains conformational flexibility. The affinities of this molecule to CD4, as well as to the broadly neutralizing antibody mAb b12, whose epitope overlaps the CD4-binding site of gp120, were determined in competitive binding assays.
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ABSTRACT: Based on the structure of the HIV-1 glycoprotein gp120 in complex with its cellular receptor CD4, we have designed and synthesized peptides that mimic the binding site of CD4 for gp120. The ability of these peptides to bind to gp120 can be strongly enhanced by increasing their conformational stability through cyclization, as evidenced by binding assays, as well as through molecular-dynamics simulations of peptide-gp120 complexes. The specificity of the peptide-gp120 interaction was demonstrated by using peptide variants, in which key residues for the interaction with gp120 were replaced by alanine or D-amino acids.Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry 01/2012; 8:1858-66. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A diversity of protein surface discontinuous epitope mimics is now rapidly and efficiently accessible. Despite the important role of protein-protein interactions involving discontinuous epitopes in a wide range of diseases, mimicry of discontinuous epitopes using peptide-based molecules remains a major challenge. Using copper(i) catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC), we have developed a general and efficient method for the synthesis of collections of discontinuous epitope mimics. Up to three different cyclic peptides, representing discontinuous epitopes in HIV-gp120, were conjugated to a selection of scaffold molecules. Variation of the scaffold molecule, optimization of the ring size of the cyclic peptides and screening of the resulting libraries for successful protein mimics led to an HIV gp120 mimic with an IC50 value of 1.7 μM. The approach described here provides rapid and highly reproducible access to clean, smart libraries of very complex bio-molecular constructs representing protein mimics for use as synthetic vaccines and beyond.Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 03/2013; · 3.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The synthesis of a new triazacyclophane scaffold (TACO scaffold) containing three selectively deprotectable amines is described. The TACO scaffold is conformationally more constrained than our frequently used TAC scaffold, due to introduction of a substituent on the para position of the benzoic acid hinge, which prevents ring flipping and makes it more attractive than the TAC scaffold for preparation of artificial receptor molecules or for mimicking discontinuous epitopes toward protein mimics when more preorganization is required.Organic Letters 05/2014; · 6.32 Impact Factor