Article

Regulation of vascular inflammation and remodeling by ETS factors

Division of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Circulation Research (Impact Factor: 11.09). 12/2006; 99(11):1159-66. DOI: 10.1161/01.RES.0000251056.85990.db
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ETS (E26 Transformation-specific Sequence) factors are comprised of a family of transcription factors that share a highly conserved DNA binding domain. Although originally described for their role as protooncogenes in the development of several types of human cancer, they have subsequently been shown to regulate a wide variety of biological processes including cellular growth and differentiation under normal and pathological conditions. As transcription factors, they can either function as activators or repressors of gene expression. Several ETS family members are expressed in cells of vascular origin, including endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells, where they regulate the expression of a number of vascular-specific genes. In the past few years, emerging evidence supports a novel role for selected ETS family members in the regulation of vascular inflammation and remodeling. ETS factor expression can be induced by proinflammatory cytokines, growth factors, and vasoactive peptides. Examples of some of the target genes regulated by ETS factors include adhesion molecules, chemokines, and matrix metalloproteinases. Targeted disruption of selected ETS family members such as Ets-1 in mice is associated with marked reductions in the recruitment of inflammatory cells and vascular remodeling in response to systemic administration of the vasoactive peptide angiotensin II. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of recent advances that have been made in defining a role for selected members of the ETS transcription factor family in the regulation of vascular-specific gene expression, vascular inflammation, and remodeling.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
66 Views
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genistein is a dietary-derived flavonoid abundantly present in soybeans and known to possess various biological effects including anti-inflammation and anti-angiogenic activity. To investigate the effects of genistein on intraocular neovascularization, we used an animal model of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Male C57BL/6J mice were treated in accordance with the ARVO Statement for the Use of Animals in Ophthalmic and Vision Research. CNV was induced by laser photocoagulation. The animals were fed a mixture diet containing 0.5% genistein or a control diet ad libitum for 7 days before laser photocoagulation and the treatment was continued until the end of the study. Seven days after laser injury, the size of CNV lesions was quantified. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid complex was also harvested 1 or 3 days after laser injury and the level of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression levels of Ets-1 and F4/80 were examined by real-time PCR. A significant decrease in CNV size was observed in animals treated with genistein (15441.9±1511.8 μm(2)) compared to control mice (21074.0±1940.7μm(2), P<.05). Genistein significantly reduced the protein level of MCP-1, ICAM-1, and MMP-9 in the RPE-choroid complex (P<.05). In addition, genistein suppressed the expression levels of Ets-1 and F4/80 (P<.05). The current data indicate the anti-angiogenic property of genistein during CNV formation.
    The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 07/2014; 25(11). DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2014.06.004 · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Regular endurance exercise training induces beneficial functional and health effects in human skeletal muscle. The putative contribution to the training response of the epigenome as a mediator between genes and environment has not been clarified. Here we investigated the contribution of DNA methylation and associated transcriptomic changes in a well-controlled human intervention study. Training effects were mirrored by significant alterations in DNA methylation and gene expression in regions with a homogeneous muscle energetics and remodeling ontology. Moreover, a signature of DNA methylation and gene expression separated the samples based on training and gender. Differential DNA methylation was predominantly observed in enhancers, gene bodies and intergenic regions and less in CpG islands or promoters. We identified transcriptional regulator binding motifs of MRF, MEF2 and ETS proteins in the proximity of the changing sites. A transcriptional network analysis revealed modules harboring distinct ontologies and, interestingly, the overall direction of the changes of methylation within each module was inversely correlated to expression changes. In conclusion, we show that highly consistent and associated modifications in methylation and expression, concordant with observed health-enhancing phenotypic adaptations, are induced by a physiological stimulus.
    Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society 12/2014; DOI:10.4161/15592294.2014.982445 · 5.11 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
2 Downloads