Relationship between histologic features of primary breast carcinomas and axillary lymph node micrometastases: Detection and prognostic significance
ABSTRACT The incidence and prognostic significance of micrometastases (Mic-Met) in axillary lymph nodes (LNs) is still controversial. We compared Mic-Met detection of invasive mammary carcinomas (IMCs) in axillary LNs using second review of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained slides and immunohistochemistry (IHC) relating them with features of the primary tumor, and determining their influence on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). We studied 188 cases of IMCs with no axillary metastases in the initial reports. The original H&E slides of LN were re-viewed and new sections were submitted for IHC using pancytokeratin (AE1/AE3). All primary breast tumors were re-viewed and classified according to Page et al (1998) and College of American Pathologists criteria (2000). Tumors were graded using the Nottingham grading system. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to evaluate OS and DFS of 147 patients. Mic-Met detection was correlated to histologic features of primary tumor (size, type, grade, lymphatic/blood vessel invasion). Mic-Met were detected in 26/188 cases (by IHC: 23/188, 12.2%; by H&E: 12/188, 6.4%). The re-view of H&E slides showed good specificity (98.2%), but low sensitivity (39.1%), when compared with IHC. There was no relationship between features of primary tumor and Mic-Met detection, including patients with lobular carcinomas or IMCs with lobular features. There was no statistical difference in OS and DFS of patients with and without Mic-Met, but patients with Mic-Met presented lower survival curves. In conclusion, there was no relationship between histologic features of primary tumor and presence of Mic-Met, nor between Mic-Met detection and patients survival.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background and Purpose of the study Axillary lymph node status at the time of diagnosis remains one of the most important prognostic factors in women with breast cancer. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) proved to be a reliable method for the evaluation of axillary nodal status in early-stage invasive breast cancer. The prognostic value and potential therapeutic consequences of SLN micrometastases remains a matter of great debate. Patients and Methods From January 1998 to March 2011, 1,976 consecutive patients with non-metastatic invasive breast cancer underwent surgical treatment; 1,080 of them (54.6%) underwent SLNB. We collected data regarding demography, preoperative lymphoscintigraphy, type of surgery, histopathologic and immunohistochemical features and adjuvant treatment. Main findings A mean number of 2.1±1.4 (range 1–13) SLN per patient were collected, a total of 2,294 nodes. SLNs were macrometastatic in 16.7% of patients and micrometastatic in 3.3%. Among the patients with positive SLN 93.6% underwent complete ALND. The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of 72 patients with micrometastases in SLN at 60 months was 100%, similar to patients with negative SLN (98.7%), quite different from the DFS of N1–N3 patients (85.8%). Statistically significant differences in OS and DFS were observed between patients with N1mi and the group with N1–N3 sentinel node (p < 0.001 and p = 0.04) and also between patients with negative SLN and those with macrometastatic SLN (p < 0.001 for both). Conclusion SLN micrometastases could represents an epiphenomenon of peritumoral lymphovascular invasion which impacts independently on the survival of patients with invasive breast cancer.International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 12/2013; 11:S73–S78. DOI:10.1016/S1743-9191(13)60022-9 · 1.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: The histological detection of axillary lymph node tumor metastases in cases of breast carcinoma is of major prognostic significance, but may be difficult when metastases are of microscopic size. The micrometastases can be detected either by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or serial sectioning. Aims: We investigated whether immunohistochemical techniques and serial sectioning can increase the accuracy of metastatic detection and compared the efficacy of both. Materials and Methods: Thirty cases of breast carcinoma were studied in all of whom the axillary lymph nodes had been reported as free of metastases. Blocks from these cases were serially sectioned and stained with hematoxylin and eosin and a single section was stained with monoclonal antibody to cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and epithelial membrane antigen. The positivity for micrometastases was correlated with size, number, grade and histological type of primary tumor, lymph node size and number. Results and Conclusion: In 5/30 previously unsuspected cases, micrometastases were revealed by IHC and in 1/30 by serial sectioning. These findings suggested that serial sectioning is a labor intensive, time consuming and impractical procedure. Micrometastases were more frequently detected with age of patient >50 years, Grade 2/3 tumor, tumor size >5 cm and more than one primary tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis can be recommended as a routine procedure or an adjunct to routine histological procedures for the correct staging of breast carcinoma and use of adjuvant chemotherapy, especially in the high risk group.Indian Journal of Cancer 07/2014; 51(3):267-271. DOI:10.4103/0019-509X.146774 · 1.13 Impact Factor
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial 01/2009; 45(3). DOI:10.1590/S1676-24442009000300006