Article

Protein kinase B/Akt phosphorylation of PDE3A and its role in mammalian oocyte maturation.

Division of Reproductive Biology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
The EMBO Journal (Impact Factor: 10.75). 01/2007; 25(24):5716-25. DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7601431
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT cGMP-inhibited cAMP phosphodiesterase 3A (PDE3A) is expressed in mouse oocytes, and its function is indispensable for meiotic maturation as demonstrated by genetic ablation. Moreover, PDE3 activity is required for insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 stimulation of Xenopus oocyte meiotic resumption. Here, we investigated the cAMP-dependent protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt regulation of PDE3A and its impact on oocyte maturation. Cell-free incubation of recombinant mouse PDE3A with PKB/Akt or cAMP-dependent protein kinase A catalytic subunits leads to phosphorylation of the PDE3A protein. Coexpression of PDE3A with constitutively activated PKB/Akt (Myr-Akt) increases PDE activity as well as its phosphorylation state. Injection of pde3a mRNA potentiates insulin-dependent maturation of Xenopus oocytes and rescues the phenotype of pde3(-/-) mouse oocytes. This effect is greatly decreased by mutation of any of the PDE3A serines 290-292 to alanine in both Xenopus and mouse. Microinjection of myr-Akt in mouse oocytes causes in vitro meiotic maturation and this effect requires PDE3A. Collectively, these data indicate that activation of PDE3A by PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation plays a role in the control of PDE3A activity in mammalian oocytes.

0 Followers
 · 
86 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PDE3 regulates cAMP-mediated signaling in the heart, and PDE3 inhibitors augment contractility in patients with heart failure. Studies in mice showed that PDE3A, not PDE3B, is the subfamily responsible for these inotropic effects, and that murine PDE3A1 associates with SERCA2, PLB and AKAP18 in a multi-protein signalosome in human SR. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that PDE3A co-localizes in Z-bands of human cardiac myocytes with desmin, SERCA2, PLB and AKAP18. In human SR fractions, cAMP increased PLB phosphorylation and SERCA2 activity; this was potentiated by PDE3 inhibition but not by PDE4 inhibition. During gel-filtration chromatography of solubilized SR membranes, PDE3 activity was recovered in distinct HMW and LMW peaks. HMW peaks contained PDE3A1 and PDE3A2, while LMW peaks contained PDE3A1, PDE3A2 and PDE3A3. Western blotting showed that endogenous HMW PDE3A1 was the principal PKA-phosphorylated isoform. Phosphorylation of endogenous PDE3A by rPKAc increased cAMP-hydrolytic activity, correlated with shift of PDE3A from LMW to HMW peaks, and increased co-immumoprecipitation of SERCA2, cav3, PKARII, PP2A and AKAP18 with PDE3A. In experiments with recombinant proteins, phosphorylation of rhPDE3A isoforms by rPKAc increased co-immumoprecipitation with rSERCA2 and rAKAP18. Deletion of the rhPDE3A1/PDE3A2 N-terminus blocked interactions with rSERCA2. Serine-to-alanine substitutions identified S292/S293, a site unique to hPDE3A1, as the principal site regulating its interaction with SERCA2. These results indicate that phosphorylation of hPDE3A1 at a PKA site in its unique N-terminal extension promotes its incorporation into SERCA2/AKAP18 signalosomes, where it regulates a discrete cAMP pool that controls contractility by modulating phosphorylation-dependent protein-protein interactions, PLB phosphorylation and SERCA2 activity. Copyright © 2015, The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2015; DOI:10.1074/jbc.M115.638585 · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress caused by elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of the predominant causes of both male and female infertility. Oxidative stress conditions cause either cell death or senescence by oxidation of cellular molecules including nucleic acid, proteins, and lipids. It is particularly important to minimize oxidative stress when in vitro fertilization is performed for the purpose of assisted reproduction. The problems associated with assisted reproductive technology are becoming evident, and it is now the time to clarify its mechanisms and cope with them. On the other hand, the beneficial roles of ROS, such as intracellular signaling, have become evident. The antithetical functions of ROS make it more difficult to overcome the problems caused by oxidative stress. Despite the difficulty in understanding mammalian reproduction, the mechanisms and problems can be gradually unveiled by advanced technology such as genetic modification of animals.
    Reproductive Medicine and Biology 04/2013; 13(2):71-79. DOI:10.1007/s12522-013-0170-0

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
8 Downloads
Available from
Aug 18, 2014