Molecular cloning and characterization of a C-type lectin from Ancylostoma ceylanicum: evidence for a role in hookworm reproductive physiology.

Program in International Child Health, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, 464 Congress Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology (Impact Factor: 2.24). 03/2007; 151(2):141-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.molbiopara.2006.10.017
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lectins comprise a family of related proteins that mediate essential cell functions through binding to carbohydrates. Within this protein family, C-type lectins are defined by the requirement of calcium for optimal biologic activity. Using reverse transcription PCR, a cDNA corresponding to a putative C-type lectin has been amplified from the hookworm parasite Ancylostoma ceylanicum. The 550 nucleotide open reading frame of the A. ceylanicum C-type Lectin-1 (AceCTL-1) cDNA corresponds to a 167 amino acid mature protein (18,706 Da) preceded by a 17 amino acid secretory signal sequence. The recombinant protein (rAceCTL-1) was expressed in Drosophila S2 cells and purified using a combination of affinity chromatography and reverse phase HPLC. Using in vitro carbohydrate binding studies, it was determined that rAceCTL-1 binds N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, a common component of eukaryotic egg cell membranes. Using a polyclonal IgG raised against the recombinant protein, the native AceCTL-1 was identified in sperm and soluble protein extracts of adult male A. ceylanicum by immunoblot. Probing of adult hookworm sections with the polyclonal IgG demonstrated localization to the testes in males, as well as the spermatheca and developing embryos in females, consistent with its role as a sperm protein. Together, these data strongly suggest that AceCTL-1 is a male gender-specific C-type lectin with a function in hookworm reproductive physiology.


Available from: Wadim Kapulkin, Apr 16, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: C-type lectins have been demonstrated to play important roles in invertebrate innate immunity by mediating the recognition of pathogens and clearing the micro-invaders. In the present study, a C-type lectin gene (denoted as VpCTL) was identified from Venerupis philippinarum by expressed sequence tag and rapid amplification of cDNA ends approaches. The full-length cDNA of VpCTL consists of 904 nucleotides with an open-reading frame of 456 bp encoding a peptide of 151 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of VpCTL shared high similarity with C-type lectins from other species. The C-type lectin domain and the characteristic EPN and WND motifs were found in VpCTL. The VpCTL mRNA was dominantly expressed in the haemocytes of the V. philippinarum. After Listonella anguillarum challenge, the temporal expression of VpCTL mRNA in haemocytes was increased by 97- and 84-fold at 48 and 96 h, respectively. With high expression level in haemocytes and hepatopancreas, and the up-regulated expression in haemocytes indicted that VpCTL was perhaps involved in the immune responses to L. anguillarum challenge.
    Molecular Biology Reports 11/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11033-013-2846-2 · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nematodes are unable to synthesize fatty acids de novo and must acquire them from the environment or host. It is hypothesized that two unique classes of fatty acid and retinol binding proteins that nematodes produce (fatty acid and retinol binding (FAR) and nematode polyprotein antigen/allergen (NPA)) are used to meet this need. A partial cDNA has been cloned corresponding to four subunits of a putative Ancylostoma ceylanicum NPA (AceNPA). The translated amino acid sequence of AceNPA share sequence identity with similar proteins from Dictyocaulus viviparus, Ascaris suum, and Ostertagia ostertagi. Immunoblot experiments using a polyclonal anti-AceNPA IgG revealed proteins corresponding to the expected sizes of single, as well as two or three un-cleaved NPA subunits in adult excretory/secretory proteins and soluble adult worm extracts. Immunohistochemistry experiments localize AceNPA to the cuticle and pseudocoelomic space, suggesting a role in hookworm biology that is distinct from what has previously been defined for other hookworm lipid binding proteins. A single recombinant subunit of AceNPA (rAceNPAb) demonstrated binding in vitro to fluorescent fatty acids DAUDA, cis-parinaric acid, as well as retinol, at equilibrium dissociation constants in the low micromolar range. Further, in vitro data reveal that rAceNPAb binds fatty acids with chain lengths of C12-C22, with the greatest affinities for arachidonic, linoleic (C18), and eicosapentaenoic (C20) acids. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.molbiopara.2014.11.005 · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we firstly reported a C-type lectin cDNA clone of 1029 bps from the larvae of A. Pernyi (Ap-CTL) using PCR and RACE techniques. The full-length cDNA contains an open reading frame encoding 308 amino acid residues which has two different carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) arranged in tandem. To investigate the biological activities in the innate immunity, recombinant Ap-CTL was expressed in E. coli with a 6-histidine at the amino-terminus (Ap-rCTL). Besides acted as a broad-spectrum recognition protein binding to a wide range of PAMPs and microorganisms, Ap-rCTL also had the ability to recognize and trigger the agglutination of bacteria and fungi. In the proPO activation assay, Ap-rCTL specifically restored the PO activity of hemolymph blocked by anti- Ap-rCTL antibody in the presence of different PAMPs or microorganisms. In summary, Ap-rCTL plays an important role in insect innate immunity as an pattern recognition protein. [BMB Reports 2013; 46(7): 358-363].
    BMB reports 07/2013; 46(7):358-63. DOI:10.5483/BMBRep.2013.46.7.009 · 1.99 Impact Factor