Clinical and histological efficacy of pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy of recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation.

Gastroenterology Department, Hospital Universitario "12 de Octubre," Madrid, Spain.
Liver Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.94). 12/2006; 12(12):1805-12. DOI: 10.1002/lt.20883
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Treatment of recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant is controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical and histological efficacy of pegylated interferon alpha 2b (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin therapy of recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation (LT). We prospectively included 47 liver transplant patients with: 1) a positive test for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-ribonucleic acid (RNA) in serum; 2) alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >45 UI/mL; and 3) a liver biopsy showing chronic hepatitis without rejection in the previous 2 months. Patients received PEG-IFN (1.5 microg/kg/week) and ribavirin (800-1,000 mg/day) for 12 months. Follow-up was based on biochemical (ALT), virological (RNA-HCV), and histological (liver biopsy) examinations. Follow-up lasted a minimum of 6 months after the end of antiviral therapy. Sustained virological response (SVR) was achieved in 23% of the patients. A total of 33 (70%) patients had normalized ALT levels at the end of therapy. Inflammatory portal and lobular score declined significantly in patients with SVR (P < 0.05) but not in nonresponder patients. Fibrosis did not change significantly in either group. SVR was significantly associated with low gamma-glutamyltransferase GGT (P = 0.04) and HCV-RNA levels (P = 0.03), a virological response at 12 weeks (P = 0.002) and patient's compliance (P = 0.04). Ten (21%) patients were withdrawn prematurely due to adverse effects. In conclusion, Therapy with PEG-IFN and ribavirin achieved SVR and a significant histological improvement in 23% of liver transplant recipients with chronic hepatitis C. Toxicity is an important drawback of this therapy.

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma is the main indication for liver transplantation (LT) worldwide. Post-transplant HCV re-infection is almost universal and results in accelerated progression from acute hepatitis to chronic hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis. Comprehension and treatment of recurrent HCV infection after LT have been major issues for all transplant hepatologists and transplant surgeons for the last decades. The aim of this paper is to review the evolution of our knowledge on the natural history of HCV recurrence after LT, including risk factors for disease progression, and antiviral therapy. We will focus our attention on possible ways (present and future) to improve the final long-term results of LT for HCV-related liver disease.
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine A (CSA), but not tacrolimus (TAC), inhibits hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication in vitro. Clinical reports on the efficacy of interferon-α (IFNα)–based antiviral therapy (AVT) for recurrent HCV after liver transplantation (LT) with CSA and TAC are conflicting. Our aim was to assess whether AVT for recurrent HCV after LT is more effective with CSA or TAC. We performed an electronic database search (1995-2012) and a manual abstract search (2005-2012). The a priori defined eligibility criteria included the use of AVT for recurrent HCV with IFN (standard or pegylated) and ribavirin and the reporting of sustained virological response (SVR) rates with CSA and TAC (the primary outcome). Two authors identified and extracted data independently. Dichotomous data were expressed as relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with a random effects model. In all, 5058 references were retrieved, and 1 randomized controlled trial (RCT) and 17 observational studies (13 full-text articles) met the eligibility criteria; the meta-analysis was based on the latter studies. The pooled SVR rates were 42% (395/945) with CSA and 35% (471/1364) with TAC (RR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.00-1.39, P = 0.05). Although the pooled data contained significant heterogeneity (I2 = 45%, P = 0.02), the SVR rates in the RCT were comparable (39% with CSA and 35% with TAC). Limiting the analysis to the 7 studies reporting on 40 or more patients in each group (with 1634 patients in all) favored CSA (RR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.09-1.38, P < 0.001), and heterogeneity disappeared (I2 = 0%, P = 0.62). In conclusion, IFN-based AVT for recurrent HCV after LT seems marginally more effective with CSA versus TAC; the study heterogeneity, however, limits firm conclusions. Liver Transpl 19:36–48, 2013. © 2012 AASLD.
    Liver Transplantation 01/2013; 19(1). · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Recurrence of HCV after LDLT is almost universal. Different factors affect response to treatment. Few data are available regarding outcome of recurrent HCV genotype 4. The purpose of this study is to improve outcome of recurrent HCV genotype 4 after LDLT. Methods An IRB approved chart review of 243 patients transplanted for ESLD, HCV genotype 4 over 4 years were reviewed. Protocol liver biopsies were taken 6 months after transplant. Patients received pegylated interferon and ribavirin in case of histological recurrence. Five patients had FCH were excluded. Results Thirty-seven patients were included. Sustained Virological Response (SVR) was achieved in 29 (78.3%). Patients with Metavir fibrosis stage (F0) and (F1) had SVR in 5/5 (100%) and 20/24 (83.3%). Two patients with F1 had to stop treatment because of thrombocytopenia and 2 were non responders. Three out of 6 patients (50%) with (F2) had SVR, 2 were non responders and one had to discontinue treatment because of severe depression. One of 2 patients (50%) with F3 had SVR and the other patient decompensated within 4 months before treatment and died. Conclusion Protocol biopsies allow early detection of inflammatory changes in the graft before fibrosis occurs. Early treatment of recurrent HCV genotype 4 after LDLT results in better response.
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