Article

Aggression and quantitative MRI measures of caudate in patients with chronic schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA.
Journal of Neuropsychiatry (Impact Factor: 2.77). 02/2006; 18(4):509-15. DOI: 10.1176/appi.neuropsych.18.4.509
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Caudate dysfunction is implicated in schizophrenia. However, little is known about the relationship between aggression and caudate volumes. Forty-nine patients received magnetic resonance imaging scanning in a double-blind treatment study in which aggression was measured. Caudate volumes were computed using a semiautomated method. The authors measured aggression with the Overt Aggression Scale and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Larger caudate volumes were associated with greater levels of aggression. The relationship between aggression and caudate volumes may be related to the iatrogenic effects of long-term treatment with typical antipsychotic agents or to a direct effect of schizophrenic processes on the caudate.

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