Migration of a bullet in the spinal canal.
ABSTRACT Migration of a bullet within the spinal canal after gunshot injury is rare. We report here the case of a penetrating gunshot injury of the lumbar spine at L3 with migration of the bullet within the spinal canal S2. The patient had marked paraparesis (proximal 1/5, distal 0/5 muscle strength) and anaesthesia at L3 and below, and had a hypocompliant, hyper-reflexive bladder with decreased capacity, and absent anal tonus. We removed osseous fragments in the canal with an L3 laminectomy and extracted the bullet by S2 laminectomy. After surgery, we observed an improvement in paraparesis, an increase in bladder capacity and urinary compliance, and improvement in anal tonus. The appropriate course of action in this type of injury remains unclear, because the number of cases described in the literature is not sufficient to provide a basis on which to make a definitive therapeutic decision. We herein review the literature describing cases in which a bullet in the spinal canal has migrated; we describe the treatment used and the outcomes in these cases.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ricochet of a bullet in the spinal canal is well known by neurosurgeons but relatively not a common event in usual medico-legal autopsy practice. This article presents a homicide case of a penetrating gunshot injury of the lumbar spine through the T12-L1 intervertebral foramen with active movement of the projectile within the spinal canal to the L5-S1 level. This case illustrates a bullet intradural and intramedullary active movement because of a ricochet of the body of T12 with active redirection of the path. In the current literature, different types of migration in caudal or cranial direction, intradural, or intramedullary are reported. If spontaneous migration of T10 to S1 seems to be more frequent, some authors reported a C1 to S2 migration. Such migration could be asymptomatic or induce neurological impairment. The medico-legal consequences of these migrations within the spinal canal are described.Journal of Forensic Sciences 04/2010; 55(5):1371-4. · 1.24 Impact Factor
Article: Gunshot injuries in the spine.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Study design:Review article.Objectives:To review the literature regarding treatment approaches in cases of gunshot wounds (GSWs) affecting the spine.Setting:Brazil.Methods:Narrative review of medical literature.Results:GSWs are an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality. Most patients with spinal GSW have complete neurological deficit. The injury is more common in young men and is frequently immobilizing. The initial approach should follow advanced trauma life support, and broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy should be initiated immediately, especially in patients with perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. The indications for surgery in spinal GSW are deterioration of the neurologic condition in a patient with incomplete neurological deficit, the presence of liquor fistula, spinal instability, intoxication by the metal from the bullet or risk of bullet migration.Conclusion:Surgical treatment is associated with a higher complication rate than conservative treatment. Therefore, the surgeon must know the treatment limitations and recognize patients who would truly benefit from surgery.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 29 April 2014; doi:10.1038/sc.2014.56.Spinal Cord 04/2014; · 1.90 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 24 year old male who had a retained bullet within his thoracic spine from a gunshot wound resulting in paraplegia. After 7 months he began experiencing painful dysesthesias at his sensory level. Repeat imaging demonstrated migration of the bullet as well as the development of intramedullary dystrophic calcification associated with the bullet. This case demonstrates not only the ability for retained bullets to migrate within the spinal canal but also demonstrates they can lead to remote symptoms due to the development of dystrophic calcification.The Open Neuroimaging Journal 01/2012; 6:75-7.