A national survey of tobacco cessation programs for youths.

Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 3.93). 02/2007; 97(1):171-7. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.065268
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We collected data on a national sample of existing community-based tobacco cessation programs for youths to understand their prevalence and overall characteristics.
We employed a 2-stage sampling design with US counties as the first-stage probability sampling units. We then used snowball sampling in selected counties to identify administrators of tobacco cessation programs for youths. We collected data on cessation programs when programs were identified.
We profiled 591 programs in 408 counties. Programs were more numerous in urban counties; fewer programs were found in low-income counties. State-level measures of smoking prevalence and tobacco control expenditures were not associated with program availability. Most programs were multisession, school-based group programs serving 50 or fewer youths per year. Program content included cognitive-behavioral components found in adult programs along with content specific to adolescence. The median annual budget was 2000 dollars. Few programs (9%) reported only mandatory enrollment, 35% reported mixed mandatory and voluntary enrollment, and 56% reported only voluntary enrollment.
There is considerable homogeneity among community-based tobacco cessation programs for youths. Programs are least prevalent in the types of communities for which national data show increases in youths' smoking prevalence.

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