HD isotope effect on the dihydrogen bond of NH+4...BeH2 by ab initio path integral molecular dynamics simulation.

Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 3.12). 12/2006; 125(20):204310. DOI: 10.1063/1.2388257
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In order to investigate the HD isotope effect on a dihydrogen bonded cation system, we have studied NH+4...BeH2 and its isotopomers by ab initio path integral molecular dynamics. It is found that the dihydrogen bond can be exchanged by NH+(4) rotation. The deuterated isotopomer (ND+(4)...BeD(2); DD) can exchange the dihydrogen bond more easily than other isotopomers such as (NH+4...BeH2; HH). This unusual isotope effect is ascribed to the "quantum localization" which occurs when the effective energy barrier for the rotational mode becomes higher by the zero point energy of other modes. We also found that the binding energy of dihydrogen bonds for DD species is the smallest among the isotopomers.

Download full-text


Available from: Motoyuki Shiga, May 01, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A practical approach to treat nuclear quantum mechanical effects in simulations of condensed phases, such as enzymes, is via Feynman path integral (PI) formulations. Typically, the standard primitive approximation (PA) is employed in enzymatic PI simulations. Nonetheless, these PI simulations are computationally demanding due to the large number of beads required to obtain converged results. The efficiency of PI simulations may be greatly improved if higher-order factorizations of the density matrix operator are employed. Herein, we compare the results of model calculations obtained employing the standard PA, the improved operator of Takahashi and Imada (TI), and a gradient-based forward corrector algorithm due to Chin (CH). The quantum transmission coefficient is computed for the Eckart potential while the partition functions and rate constant are computed for the H2+H hydrogen transfer reaction. These potentials are simple models for chemical reactions. The study of the different factorization methods reveals that in most cases the higher-order action converges faster than the PA and TI approaches, at a moderate computational cost.
    Chemical Physics 02/2015; 450. DOI:10.1016/j.chemphys.2015.01.001 · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intermolecular dihydrogen bond O-H···H-Ge in the electronically excited state of the dihydrogen-bonded phenol-triethylgermanium (TEGH) complex was studied theoretically using time-dependent density functional theory. Analysis of the frontier molecular orbitals revealed a locally excited S(1) state in which only the phenol moiety is electronically excited. In the predicted infrared spectrum of the dihydrogen-bonded phenol-TEGH complex, the O-H stretching vibrational mode shifts to a lower frequency in the S(1) state in comparison with that in ground state. The Ge-H stretching vibrational mode demonstrates a relatively smaller redshift than the O-H stretching vibrational mode. Upon electronic excitation to the S(1) state, the O-H and Ge-H bonds involved in the dihydrogen bond both get lengthened, whereas the C-O bond is shortened. With an increased binding energy, the calculated H···H distance significantly decreases in the S(1) state. Thus, the intermolecular dihydrogen bond O-H···H-Ge of the dihydrogen-bonded phenol-TEGH complex becomes stronger in the electronically excited state than that in the ground state.
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 01/2010; 31(16):2853-8. DOI:10.1002/jcc.21579 · 3.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A recently developed semiempirical PM6 method was applied to study small hydrated sulfuric acid clusters. Various low-energy structures of the H2SO4·(H2O)n (n = 1–9) clusters were optimized at this level and then compared to previous ab initio and density-functional theory studies in order to understand the applicability of the PM6 method in describing proton-transfer processes as well as hydrogen-bonded structures in the clusters. Although the PM6 method seems to somewhat overemphasize bifurcated hydrogen-bonded structures, moderately good agreement was obtained. Quantum path-integral molecular dynamics simulations for the H2SO4·(H2O)n (n = 1–6) clusters were subsequently performed directly using PM6 potential energies and their gradients. It was found that the acid dissociation probability increases with an increase in the cluster size, as expected, and that so-called contact-ion-pair structures are dominant in the proton-dissociated clusters. The importance of nuclear quantum effects in the cluster structures and proton-transfer processes is demonstrated.
    Journal of Molecular Structure THEOCHEM 05/2009; 901(1-3):1-8. DOI:10.1016/j.theochem.2009.01.022 · 1.37 Impact Factor