Freezing material without electricity
ABSTRACT When collecting in the field, biological samples can be kept cool at 0 C in ice slush, or frozen at -20 C in a crushed ice + salt (NaCl) cold mixture, in well-insulated containers, for several hours or days.
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ABSTRACT: A total of 1432 hilsa shad, Tenualosa ilisha (=Hilsa ilisha) from 11 fresh water, brackish water and marine localities in Bangladesh yielded 13 adult Goezia bangladeshi n. sp., all specimens being found in the intestine of a single fish host caught in the lower Ganges. A total of 2372 Goezia juveniles were recovered from 490 infected fish (prevalence 34.2%). This is the first Goezia species recorded from Bangladesh, and it differs from other valid species by the number of caudal papillae (pre 7-9, para 3, post 6); encircled by tiny spines, the position of double papillae, the arrangement of body spines, and the length ratio of the intestinal caecum and the ventricular appendix (1: 3.33-4.72). Juveniles were free in the gut, embedded in the gut wall and encapsulated in mesenteries. Tenualosa ilisha serves as the definitive host, but the predominance of juveniles may indicate that piscivorous hosts may also serve as such. A list of the nominal Goezia species with important characters is provided.Journal of Helminthology 07/2004; 78(2):105-13. DOI:10.1079/JOH2003219 · 1.30 Impact Factor