Fatal liver failure following food supplements during chronic treatment with montelukast
ABSTRACT High aminotransferases and prolonged prothrombin time on entering our liver unit were revealing parenchymal collapse for this 45-year-old obese woman; treatment failure led her to death. Autoimmunity, paracetamol use, alcoholism, and Wilson's disease were all excluded as causes. Because of chronic asthma, she had been receiving a leukotriene receptor antagonist (montelukast) for 5 years before the current presentation; 1 week before onset she had had 1 week of treatment with two dietary supplements for weight control; one of these included Garcinia Cambogia, a possible cause of two recent cases of hepatitis in the USA; in addition, both formulas contained a citrus derivative that interferes cytochrome functions. We speculate on a causal relationship between the assumption of the additives and the fatal hepatitis and envisage a synergy between the additives and montelukast, which per se has well been studied as a hepatotoxic drug. Despite the speculative nature of this presentation, we believe the warning may serve to focus attention on the uncontrolled escalation of food additives going on in these days.
Article: Hydroxycut-induced Liver Toxicity[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the recent era, use of various nutritional supplements is highly encouraged amongst the people of United States. Weight loss supplements are major part of the nutritional supplements and their usage is unregulated in the US. Obesity is a major health concern in the US and Americans spend around $30 billion a year for weight loss supplements. At times, these supplements can be responsible for documented or undocumented adverse drug effects. The health consequences related to these supplements are often overlooked by the general public, even though FDA issues advisories regarding them. One common supplement used for weight loss was Hydroxycut (Iovate Health Sciences Research, Oakville, Ontario, Canada). Hydroxycut was recalled from the market after a FDA warning in May 2009 because of 23 reports of serious health problems ranging from jaundice and elevated liver enzymes to liver damage. 1 This case report adds evidence for Hydroxycut - induced hepatotoxicity. A 27 year old man with right upper quadrant pain and jaundice was found to have elevated liver enzymes and was taking Hydroxycut along with other supplements. Liver biopsy showed drug induced hepatotoxicity. Discontinuation of Hydroxycut dramatically improved liver functions and related symptoms.04/2014; 4(1):143-5. DOI:10.4103/2141-9248.126627
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ABSTRACT: Background: Montelukast, a leucotriene receptor antagonist, binds the cysteinyl leucotriene type 1 receptor. Montelukast is commonly prescribed to asthma patients as add-on therapy to inhaled corticosteroids. Several clinical trials emphasized that montelukast can be considered a safe drug. However, recent evidence reconsidered the benefit/risk ratio of the use of montelukast for both paediatric and adult patients. Summary: The present review analyzed the previous published case reports regarding montelukast-induced adverse drug reactions (ADRs). They included agitation, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance, hallucinations, suicidal thinking and suicidality, tremor, dizziness, drowsiness, neuropathies and seizures. The immune system can be involved, in particular, cases of Churg-Strauss syndrome have been published. Furthermore, it can induce hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and eosinophilic infiltration. In addition, hepatobiliary, pancreatic and uropoietic disorders have been observed. Some of these cases are characterized by severe prognosis (i.e. neurological deficit and fatal hepatotoxicity). Key Message: The use of montelukast can be burdened by several ADRs, of which physicians should be aware in their clinical practice. A better understanding of the mechanisms causing ADRs after using montelukast could help researchers and clinicians in defining a risk-reduction strategy aimed to lessen montelukast toxicity. More accurate epidemiological studies, in order to discover risk factors favouring montelukast-associated ADRs, are demanded. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Pharmacology 09/2014; 94(1-2):60-70. DOI:10.1159/000366164 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Montelukast is a selective and competitive cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist (CystLTRA) which is increasingly used for the treatment of allergic asthma. Recently, hepatotoxicity has been reported with this drug in adult patients, but only one letter to the editor has reported a case of probable montelukast-induced hepatotoxicity in a child. We present a case of a 3.5-year-old boy, receiving treatment with montelukast, who developed hepatocellular injury. The exclusion of other causes of increased activity of aminotransferases (viral, metabolic, autoimmune), improvement after dechallenge, the morphological findings and previous reports of comparable cases support the diagnosis of montelukast-induced liver injury in this boy. Physicians should strictly analyse indications for this drug and be aware of potential drug-induced liver disease caused by this agent. Therefore, the periodical assessment of aminotransferases should be recommended during treatment with this leukotriene modifier.Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny 01/2014; 9(2):121-3. DOI:10.5114/pg.2014.42509 · 0.38 Impact Factor