Down-regulation of proteolytic complexes following EBV activation in BL cells.
ABSTRACT In Burkitt's lymphoma cells, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) latency products interact with the ubiquitin-proteasome system to promote episomal maintenance and immunological evasion while the tripeptidylpeptidase II (TPPII) functions as an alternative protease. In the present study, we have examined the activities and levels of the proteasome and TPPII complex in Raji and in Akata cells after induction of EBV lytic cycle. The results show that the chymotrypsin-like and caspase-like activities of the proteasome were substantially reduced in Raji and Akata cells. Similarly, TPPII activity was diminished in both cell lines but was recovered in Akata cells at longer time after induction. Protein levels of the alpha/beta subunits of the 20S proteasome and TPPII concentration decreased to different extents after EBV activation, whereas the ubiquitin binding S6' subunit of the 19S regulatory complex increased three to fourfold along with the levels of ubiquitin-conjugates. Collectively, these observations demonstrate impairment of two major cellular proteolytic systems at the onset of EBV lytic infection.
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ABSTRACT: We reported previously that the human RNF2 (RING finger protein 2) protein is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that interacts with the human ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Hip-2/hE2-25K. In the present study, we show that RNF2 interacts with S6' ATPase, a subunit of the proteasomal 19 S regulatory complex. S6' interacts with RNF2 through its N-terminal RING domain, and RNF2 interacts with S6' through its C-terminal region. Interestingly, the RNF2-S6' interaction increases the ATP hydrolysis activity of the S6' protein. Moreover, S6' ATPase activity is highly increased in the presence of ubiquitinated proteins. The present study suggests that the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF2 might have a dual function: facilitating the ubiquitination of its target substrates and recruiting the substrates to the proteasome. Furthermore, ATP hydrolysis in the E3/proteasome complex might act as an important signal for the protein degradation pathway.Biochemical Journal 08/2005; 389(Pt 2):457-63. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Eukaryotic DNA is organized into domains or loops generated by the attachment of chromatin fibers to the nuclear matrix via specific regions called scaffold or matrix attachment regions. The role of these regions in DNA replication is currently under investigation since they have been found in close association with origins of replication. Also, viral DNA sequences, containing the origins of replication, have been found attached to the nuclear matrix. To investigate the functional role of this binding we have studied, in Raji cells, the interaction between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) origins of replication and the nuclear matrix in relation to the viral cycle of infection. We report here that both the latent (ori P) and the lytic (ori Lyt) EBV origins of replication are attached to the nuclear matrix, the first during the latent cycle of infection and the second after induction of the lytic cycle. These findings suggest that the binding of the origins of replication with the nuclear matrix modulates viral replication and expression in the two different phases of infection.Virology 10/1999; 262(1):9-17. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interferon (IFN)-gamma-induced cells express the proteasome subunits low molecular weight protein (LMP)2, LMP7, and MECL-1 (multicatalytic endopeptidase complex-like 1), leading to the formation of immunoproteasomes. Although these subunits are thought to optimize MHC class I antigen processing, the extent of their role and the mechanistic aspects involved remain unclear. Herein, we study the proteolytic generation of an human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Aw68-restricted hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBcAg) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope that is recognized by peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with acute self-limited but not chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). Immunological data suggest that IFN-gamma-induced rather than uninduced HeLa cells process and present the HBV CTL epitope upon infection with HBcAg-expressing vaccinia viruses. Analyses of 20S proteasome digests of synthetic polypeptides covering the antigenic HBcAg peptide demonstrate that only immunoproteasomes efficiently perform the cleavages needed for the liberation of this HBV CTL epitope. Although the concerted presence of the three immunosubunits appears essential, we find that both catalytically active LMP7 and inactive LMP7 T1A support CTL epitope generation. We conclude that LMP7 influences the structural features of 20S proteasomes, thereby enhancing the activity of the LMP2 and MECL-1 catalytic sites, which provide cleavage specificity. Thus, LMP7 incorporation is of greater functional importance for the generation of an HBV CTL epitope than cleavage specificity.Journal of Experimental Medicine 03/2000; 191(3):503-14. · 13.21 Impact Factor