Predicting the histology of renal masses using preoperative Doppler ultrasonography.
ABSTRACT Traditional imaging techniques cannot differentiate among benign, indolent and malignant renal neoplasms. Since conventional clear cell carcinomas are highly vascular, we used preoperative color and/or power Doppler ultrasonography to evaluate the association between vascular flow in a renal mass and surgical pathology.
Nephrectomies performed at our institution between January 2001 and December 2004 were retrospectively evaluated. Any detection of flow in the renal mass on color Doppler ultrasonography was defined as vascular flow. A prospective validation study was then performed from January 2005 to October 2005 and a nomogram was constructed to predict clear cell histology.
Of 299 renal lesions in the retrospective cohort 210 (70%) had evidence of vascular flow, including 156 of 169 conventional clear cell carcinomas (92%) (p <0.0001). On logistic regression analysis vascular flow was associated with conventional clear cell histology (OR 16.9, 95% CI 8.7-32.8; p <0.0001). This finding was validated prospectively in 97 patients. Vascular flow was detected in 54 of 65 renal masses (83%) with conventional clear cell histology (p <0.0001), which was associated with an OR of 10.8 (95% CI 4.0-29.0; p <0.0001). A nomogram incorporating vascular flow along with clinical variables (clinical size, patient sex and age) to predict conventional clear cell histology was constructed on the retrospective cohort and validated on the prospective data set (concordance index 0.82 and 0.76, respectively).
Vascular flow detected by color Doppler ultrasonography is strongly associated with conventional clear cell histology. A nomogram incorporating vascular flow on color Doppler ultrasonography and clinical parameters may aid in the preoperative characterization of renal lesions.
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ABSTRACT: We visualized minimal fat renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). Conventional ultrasound and CEUS images were retrospectively analyzed for solid minimal fat renal AML cases (n = 18) and solid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cases (n = 105). We compared size, echogenicity and color flow signals with conventional ultrasound, and enhancement patterns with CEUS, in AMLs vs. RCCs. No significant differences in echogenicity and color flow signal existed between AMLs and RCCs using conventional ultrasound. With CEUS, slow centripetal enhancement in the cortical phase (83.3% of AMLs vs. 1.9% of RCCs) and homogeneous peak enhancement (100.0% of AMLs vs. 34.3% of RCCs) were valuable traits for differentiating these tumor types. These two CEUS-determined traits, combined, were differentiating criteria for minimal fat renal AMLs and RCCs; positive and negative predictive values were 100.0% and 97.2%, respectively. Slow centripetal enhancement in the cortical phase and homogeneous enhancement at peak are main features of CEUS-confirmed solid minimal fat renal AML.Ultrasound in medicine & biology 08/2012; 38(11):1896-901. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To study whether magnetic resonance imaging can predict the histologic type of small renal cell carcinoma. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 63 patients with computed tomography- or ultrasonography-suspected small (≤4 cm) renal cell carcinoma from February 2008 to February 2010. Percentage signal intensity change, tumor-to-cortex enhancement index during precontrast phase, corticomedullary phase, and nephrogenic phase were investigated. Among the 60 patients, 42 were proven to have clear cell renal cell carcinoma and 18 patients were proven to have non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (10 patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma, 8 patients with chromophobe renal cell carcinoma). The percentage signal intensity change in the clear cell type was higher only in the corticomedullary phase (P = .002). The tumor-to-cortex enhancement index in the clear cell type was higher in the corticomedullary and nephrogenic phases (P = .007 and P = .041, respectively). The most valuable marker was percentage signal intensity change in the corticomedullary phase (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.85). The cut-off value of percentage signal intensity change in the corticomedullary phase was 173%, and the sensitivity and specificity were 81% and 87.5%, respectively. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging could be useful for discriminating the clear cell type from non-clear cell type in small renal cell carcinoma with high sensitivity and specificity.Urology 07/2012; 80(4):872-6. · 2.13 Impact Factor
- Developmental Biology 08/2011; 356(1):102-103. · 3.64 Impact Factor