Mapping the proteome of poplar and application to the discovery of drought-stress responsive proteins.
ABSTRACT Poplar is the first forest tree genome to be decoded. As an initial step to the comprehensive analysis of poplar proteome, we described reference 2-D-maps for eight tissues/organs of the plant, and the functional characterization of some proteins. A total of 398 proteins were excised from the gels. About 91.2% were identified by nanospray LC-MS/MS, based on comparison with 260,000 Populus sp. ESTs. In comparison, reliable PMFs were obtained for only 51% of the spots by MALDI-TOF-MS, from which 43% (83 spots) positively matched gene models of the Populus trichocarpa genome sequence. Among these 83 spots, 58% matched with the same proteins as identified by LC-MS/MS, 21.7% with unknown function proteins and 19.3% with completely different functions. In the second phase, we studied the effect of drought stress on poplar root and leaf proteomes. The function of up- and down-regulated proteins is discussed with respect to the physiological response of the plants and compared with transcriptomic data. Some important clues regarding the way poplar copes with water deficit were revealed.
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ABSTRACT: Commonly used methods for protein extraction from plant leaves, such as extraction with phenol or a combination of TCA and acetone, were ineffective for four tested cultivars of poplar. Moreover, multiple protocols for 2DE of the extracted proteins gave different results when protein profiles of relatively closely related plants were compared. Given that polycyclic compounds strongly hinder 2DE, we analyzed the impact of polyphenols and polysaccharides present in the plant tissues used for protein extraction, on the quality of 2DE protein profiles. Analysis of content of polyphenols and polysaccharides in leaves of poplar cultivars showed that even small differences in concentrations of analyzed metabolites accompany large differences between poplar cultivars when considering the susceptibility of samples to protein extraction for 2DE. High-quality 2DE results were correlated with decreased amounts of polyphenols. Additional analysis using MS/MS suggested that only levels of total phenolics affected the results of 2DE. Soluble total nonstructural carbohydrates also had a negative effect, but the level of starch was not important. Finally, we present an optimized method (OPTI) for extraction of proteins from poplar leaves, which enables reliable comparative analysis of four different poplar cultivars i.e. 'Eridano', 'Villafranca', 'NE-42' and 'Luisa Avanzo', which have not yet been used for the proteomic studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Electrophoresis 10/2013; · 3.26 Impact Factor
- BMC proceedings 08/2013; 5(7).
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ABSTRACT: Rice yield and quality are adversely affected by high temperatures, and these effects are more pronounced at the 'milky stage' of the rice grain ripening phase. Identifying the functional proteins involved in the response of rice to high temperature stress may provide the basis for improving heat tolerance in rice. In the present study, a comparative proteomic analysis of paired, genetically similar heat-tolerant and heat-sensitive rice lines was conducted. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) revealed a total of 27 differentially expressed proteins in rice grains, predominantly from the heat-tolerant lines. The protein profiles clearly indicated variations in protein expression between the heat-tolerant and heat-sensitive rice lines. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) analysis revealed that 25 of the 27 differentially displayed proteins were homologous to known functional proteins. These homologous proteins were involved in biosynthesis, energy metabolism, oxidation, heat shock metabolism, and the regulation of transcription. Seventeen of the 25 genes encoding the differentially displayed proteins were mapped to rice chromosomes according to the co-segregating conditions between the simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and the target genes in recombinant inbred lines (RILs). The proteins identified in the present study provide a basis to elucidate further the molecular mechanisms underlying the adaptation of rice to high temperature stress.Journal of Experimental Botany 12/2013; · 5.24 Impact Factor