Article

Mapping the proteome of poplar and application to the discovery of drought-stress responsive proteins

UMR Biodiversité Gènes Communautés, INRA, Equipe de génétique, Cestas, France.
PROTEOMICS (Impact Factor: 3.97). 12/2006; 6(24):6509-27. DOI: 10.1002/pmic.200600362
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Poplar is the first forest tree genome to be decoded. As an initial step to the comprehensive analysis of poplar proteome, we described reference 2-D-maps for eight tissues/organs of the plant, and the functional characterization of some proteins. A total of 398 proteins were excised from the gels. About 91.2% were identified by nanospray LC-MS/MS, based on comparison with 260,000 Populus sp. ESTs. In comparison, reliable PMFs were obtained for only 51% of the spots by MALDI-TOF-MS, from which 43% (83 spots) positively matched gene models of the Populus trichocarpa genome sequence. Among these 83 spots, 58% matched with the same proteins as identified by LC-MS/MS, 21.7% with unknown function proteins and 19.3% with completely different functions. In the second phase, we studied the effect of drought stress on poplar root and leaf proteomes. The function of up- and down-regulated proteins is discussed with respect to the physiological response of the plants and compared with transcriptomic data. Some important clues regarding the way poplar copes with water deficit were revealed.

2 Followers
 · 
209 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion The interaction between enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, endogenous levels of ABA and ABA-GE, the rapid recuperation of photosynthetic proteins under re-watering as well the high level of antioxidant proteins in previously drought-stressed plants under re-watering conditions, will contribute to drought resistance in plants subjected to a long-term drought stress under Mediterranean field conditions. This work provides an overview of the mechanisms of Cistus albidus acclimation to long-term summer drought followed by re-watering in Mediterranean field conditions. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of drought resistance in these plants, a proteomic study using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/TOF MS/MS was performed on leaves from these shrubs. The analysis identified 57 differentially expressed proteins in water-stressed plants when contrasted to well watered. Water-stressed plants showed an increase, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in HSPs, and downregulation of photosynthesis and carbon metabolism enzymes. Under drought conditions, there was considerable upregulation of enzymes related to redox homeostasis, DHA reductase, Glyoxalase, SOD and isoflavone reductase. However, upregulation of catalase was not observed until after re-watering was carried out. Drought treatment caused an enhancement in antioxidant defense responses that can be modulated by ABA, and its catabolites, ABA-GE, as well as JA. Furthermore, quantification of protein carbonylation was shown to be a useful marker of the relationship between water and oxidative stress, and showed that there was only moderate oxidative stress in C. albidus plants subjected to water stress. After re-watering plants recovered although the levels of ABA-GE and antioxidant enzymes still remain higher than in well-watered plants. We expect that our results will provide new data on summer acclimation to drought stress in Mediterranean shrubs.
    Planta 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00425-014-2221-0 · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stipa purpurea, an endemic forage species on the Tibetan Plateau, is highly resistant to cold and drought, but the mechanisms underlying its responses to drought stress remain elusive. An understanding of such mechanisms may be useful for developing cultivars that are adaptable to water deficit. In this study, we analyzed the physiological and proteomic responses of S. purpurea under increasing drought stress. Seedlings of S. purpurea were subjected to a drought gradient in a controlled experiment, and proteins showing changes in abundance under these conditions were identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry analysis. A western blotting analysis was conducted to confirm the increased abundance of a heat-shock protein, NCED2, and a dehydrin in S. purpurea seedlings under drought conditions. We detected carbonylated proteins to identify oxidation-sensitive proteins in S. purpurea seedlings, and found that ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (RuBisCO) was one of the oxidation-sensitive proteins under drought. Together, these results indicated drought stress might inhibit photosynthesis in S. purpurea by oxidizing RuBisCO, but the plants were able to maintain photosynthetic efficiency by a compensatory upregulation of unoxidized RuBisCO and other photosynthesis-related proteins. Further analyses confirmed that increased abundance of antioxidant enzymes could balance the redox status of the plants to mitigate drought-induced oxidative damage.
    PLoS ONE 02/2015; 10(2):e0117475. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117475 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Seasonal nitrogen (N) cycling in temperate deciduous trees involves the accumulation of bark storage proteins (BSPs) in phloem parenchyma and xylem ray cells. BSPs are anabolized using recycled N during autumn leaf senescence and later become a source of N during spring shoot growth as they are catabolized. Little is known about the catabolic processes involved in remobilization and reutilization of N from BSPs in trees. In this study, we used multidimensional protein identification technology (MudPIT) and spectral counting to identify protein changes that occur in the bark during BSP catabolism. A total of 4,178 proteins were identified from bark prior to and during BSP catabolism. The majority (62%) of the proteins were found during BSP catabolism, indicating extensive remodeling of the proteome during renewed shoot growth and N remobilization. Among these proteins were 30 proteases, the relative abundances of which increased during BSP catabolism. These proteases spanned a range of families including members of the papain-like cysteine proteases, serine carboxypeptidases, and aspartyl proteases. These data identify, for the first time, candidate proteases that could potentially provide hydrolase activity required for N remobilization from BSPs and provide the foundation for research to advance our knowledge of poplar N cycling.Keywords: Populus; mass spectrometry; protease; storage; MudPIT
    Journal of Proteome Research 12/2014; 14(2). DOI:10.1021/pr501090p · 5.00 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
30 Downloads
Available from
Jun 11, 2014