Tumor selectivity of Hsp90 inhibitors: the explanation remains elusive.
ABSTRACT Two recent papers attempt to solve both the tumor selectivity and the in vivo tumor accumulation profiles seen with some Hsp90 inhibitors. They spotlight the higher affinity of ansamycins' hydroquinone over the quinone form for Hsp90 and further discuss its possible contribution to ansamycins' tumor selectivity.
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ABSTRACT: AUY922 is a potent non-geldanamycin inhibitor of heat-shock protein 90. This study was carried out in Japanese patients to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and to characterize safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of single-agent AUY922.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 07/2014; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hsp90 is an ubiquitous molecular chaperone protein, which plays an important role in regulating maturation and stabilization of many oncogenic proteins. Due to its potential to simultaneously disable multiple signaling pathways, Hsp90 represents great promise as a therapeutic target of cancer. In this study, we synthesized flavokawain analogues and evaluated their biological activities against drug-resistant cancer cells. The study indicated that compound 1i impaired the growth of gefitinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (H1975), down-regulated the expression of Hsp90 client proteins including EGFR, Her2, Met, Akt and Cdk4, and upregulated the expression of Hsp70. The result strongly suggested that compound 1i inhibited the proliferation of cancer cells through Hsp90 inhibition. Overall, compound 1i could serve as a potential lead compound to overcome the drug resistance in cancer chemotherapy.Bulletin- Korean Chemical Society 04/2014; 35(4). · 0.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cross-linked nanoassemblies (CNAs) with a degradable core were prepared for sustained release of 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), a potent inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). The particle size of CNAs ranged between 100 and 250 nm, which changed depending on the cross-linking yields and drug entrapment method. CNAs with a 1% cross-linking yield entrapped 17-AAG in aqueous solutions, yet degraded in 3 hrs. CNAs entrapped 5.2 weight% of 17-AAG as the cross-linking yield increased to 10%, retaining more than 80% of particles for 24 hrs. CNAs with drugs entrapped after the cross-linking reactions were 100 nm and remained stable in both pH 7.4 and 5.0, corresponding to the physiological, tumoral, and intracellular environments. Drug was completely released from CNAs in 48 hrs, which would potentially maximize drug delivery and release efficiency within tumor tissues. Drug release patterns were not negatively affected by changing the cross-linking yields of CNAs. CNAs entrapping 17-AAG suppressed the growth of human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells as equally effective as free drugs. The results demonstrated that CNAs would be a promising formulation that can be used in aqueous solutions for controlled delivery and release of 17-AAG.Pharmaceuticals 10/2011; 4(10).This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.