Article

A Semi-Empirical Approach to Projecting Future Sea-Level Rise

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 14473 Potsdam, Germany.
Science (Impact Factor: 31.48). 02/2007; 315(5810):368-70. DOI: 10.1126/science.1135456
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A semi-empirical relation is presented that connects global sea-level rise to global mean surface temperature. It is proposed
that, for time scales relevant to anthropogenic warming, the rate of sea-level rise is roughly proportional to the magnitude
of warming above the temperatures of the pre–Industrial Age. This holds to good approximation for temperature and sea-level
changes during the 20th century, with a proportionality constant of 3.4 millimeters/year per °C. When applied to future warming
scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this relationship results in a projected sea-level rise in 2100
of 0.5 to 1.4 meters above the 1990 level.

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