Job stress interventions and the organization of work.

University of Bern, Department of Psychology, Muesmattstr 45, CH-3000 Bern 9, Switzerland.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health (Impact Factor: 3.1). 01/2007; 32(6):515-27. DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.1056
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Interventions that aim at improving health by changing the organization of work-in terms of task characteristics, work conditions, and social aspects-have shown their potential, but results are mixed, and many studies do not use their methodological potential. It is proposed that interventions at the organizational level are likely to have a more diverse effect than at the individual level, as the number of subsystems, with potentially diverging interests, is larger. Even well-implemented interventions are not likely to lead to improvements in all parameters for all participants, and trade-offs have to be considered. Methodological improvement is necessary but should not only focus on design issues, but also on careful documentation and subgroup analyses. A combination of person-focused and organization-focused approaches is the most promising. Finally, evidence points to the limited utility of economic arguments for the acceptance of health promotion projects; the necessity of professional trust is therefore emphasized.

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Available from: Norbert Semmer, Jan 16, 2015
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