Article

The role of indirect recognition of MHC class I and II allopeptides in a fully mismatched miniature swine model of lung transplantation.

Transplantation Biology Research Center, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.
Transplantation Proceedings (Impact Factor: 0.95). 01/2007; 38(10):3256-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2006.10.059
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Considerable evidence suggests that indirect recognition of MHC allopeptides plays an important role in solid-organ rejection. Here, we examine whether immunization with class I or class II allopeptides accelerates rejection in a fully MHC-mismatched lung transplant model in miniature swine.
Recipients were immunized with either donor-derived class I or class II peptides. Sensitization to the peptides was confirmed by DTH testing and in vitro proliferation assays. Nonimmunized control (n = 6), class I peptide-immunized (n = 3), and class II peptide-immunized (n = 3) swine were transplanted with fully mismatched lungs using only a 12-day course of tacrolimus.
One control animal rejected its graft on postoperative day 103, while the others maintained their grafts for over 1 year. In the class I peptide-immunized group, two recipients rejected their grafts (days 14 and 52). The third animal has not rejected the graft (day 120, experiment is ongoing). In contrast, in the class II-peptide immunized group, only one animal rejected its graft on day 52, while the others maintained their grafts over 1 year. Both anti-donor IgM and IgG antibodies were detectable in all acute rejectors, although no alloantibody was detectable in long-term acceptors. Regardless of the fate of the graft, all animals have maintained their proliferative responses to the peptides. However, only acceptors maintained donor-specific hyporesponsiveness in cell-mediated lymphocytotoxity and mixed lymphocyte reaction assays.
Pretransplant sensitization of lung allograft recipients to donor allopeptides accelerates graft rejection. This appears particularly true for class I-derived allopeptides, suggesting that class II molecules may be less antigenic when presented indirectly.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
70 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic allograft vasculopathy (CAV) contributes to heart transplant failure, yet its pathogenesis is incompletely understood. Although cellular and humoral alloimmunity are accepted pathogenic mediators, animal models suggest that T cells and Abs reactive to graft-expressed autoantigens, including cardiac myosin (CM), could participate. To test the relationship between CAV and anti-CM autoimmunity in humans, we performed a cross-sectional study of 72 heart transplant recipients: 40 with CAV and 32 without. Sera from 65% of patients with CAV contained anti-CM Abs, whereas <10% contained Abs to other autoantigens (p < 0.05), and only 18% contained anti-HLA Abs (p < 0.05 versus anti-CM). In contrast, 13% of sera from patients without CAV contained anti-CM Abs (p < 0.05; odds ratio [OR], associating CAV with anti-CM Ab = 13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.79-44.6). Multivariable analysis confirmed the association to be independent of time posttransplant and the presence of anti-HLA Abs (OR = 28, 95% CI 5.77-133.56). PBMCs from patients with CAV responded more frequently to, and to a broader array of, CM-derived peptides than those without CAV (p = 0.01). Detection of either CM-peptide-reactive T cells or anti-CM Abs was highly and independently indicative of CAV (OR = 45, 95% CI 4.04-500.69). Our data suggest detection of anti-CM immunity could be used as a biomarker for outcome in heart transplantation recipients and support the need for further studies to assess whether anti-CM immunity is a pathogenic mediator of CAV.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2011; 187(2):1023-30. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Minipigs have become popular pets in recent years. Therefore, an increasing number of veterinarians are being challenged by specific problems of these animals. This retrospective study gives an overview on the diagnoses and therapeutic interventions of the patients submitted to the clinic for swine at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna during the last 6 years (n=48). Most frequently, colic symptoms of the gastro-intestinal tract (n=12) and orthopaedic locomotion disorders (n=10), mainly due to accidents or long claws, could be observed, followed by urogenital tract and skin disorders (n=4 each). Therapeutic interventions are discussed with regard to medical aspects as well as statutory provisions.
    Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A 12/2007; 54(9):504-11. · 0.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have recently reported that perioperative low-dose carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation decreases lung ischemia-reperfusion injury in miniature swine. The aims of this study were to establish a large animal model of pulmonary allograft rejection using polymerase chain reaction-typed major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-inbred CLAWN miniature swine and to examine the effects of CO on allograft survival. Eleven CLAWN miniature swines received fully MHC-mismatched lungs followed by 12 days of tacrolimus (days 0-11; blood level 35-45 ng/mL). Six recipients received tacrolimus alone (control group). Five recipients were additionally treated with inhaled CO (180 min for donors until graft harvest; 390 min for recipients until 2 hr after reperfusion). All recipients treated with tacrolimus alone uniformly rejected their grafts by postoperative day 63 with development of cytotoxic antidonor antibodies. CO treatment was effective in prolonging allograft survival from a mean of 47±7 to 82±13 days (P=0.017), with one CO-treated animal maintaining function until postoperative day 120. Development of antidonor antibodies and donor-specific responsiveness by cell-mediated lympholysis and mixed lymphocyte reaction assays was delayed in animals that received CO therapy. Furthermore, serum concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1β and -6) 1 day after transplant were significantly decreased in the CO-treated group. Fully MHC-mismatched lungs in CLAWN miniature swine were consistently rejected within 63 days, suggesting that this is a robust large animal model ideal for investigating mechanisms and treatment of lung rejection. Perioperative low-dose CO inhalation prolonged graft survival and inhibited antidonor antibody production and was associated with decreased proinflammatory mediators in this model.
    Transplantation 11/2010; 90(12):1336-43. · 3.78 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
13 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014