Does binge eating disorder alter cortisol secretion in obese women?

Obesity and Eating Disorders Group (GOTA) - Instituto Estadual de Diabetes e Endocrinologia (IEDE)/Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Eating Behaviors (Impact Factor: 1.58). 02/2007; 8(1):59-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2006.01.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It is still poorly determined whether the presence of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) would alter cortisol secretion in obese patients. We aimed at investigating levels of salivary cortisol (SC) in patients with and without BED. Forty seven (47) obese women between 30 and 65 years old were sequentially selected to participate in the study. The diagnosis of BED was assessed according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Binge Eating Scale (BES) was used to assess binge severity. A trend toward a negative correlation was observed between SC and body mass index in the whole sample (p=0.06). The presence of BED was not associated with increased levels of SC. In women without BED, SC levels correlated inversely with BMI (p=0.01). On the other hand, in women with BED, SC levels correlated significantly with BES (p=0.01). Although obesity is associated with decreased levels of cortisol, this relationship may be lost in patients with BED. In patients with BED, binge eating severity may be a more relevant regulator of cortisol secretion than obesity itself.

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    ABSTRACT: We developed recently a binge-eating model in which female rats with a history of intermittent food restriction show binge-like palatable food consumption after 15 min exposure to the sight of the palatable food. This "frustration stress" manipulation also activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis. Here, we determined the role of the stress neurohormone corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in stress-induced binge eating in our model. We also assessed the role of CRF receptors in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), a brain region implicated in stress responses and stress-induced drug seeking, in stress-induced binge eating. We used four groups that were first exposed or not exposed to repeated intermittent cycles of regular chow food restriction during which they were also given intermittent access to high-caloric palatable food. On the test day, we either exposed or did not expose the rats to the sight of the palatable food for 15 min (frustration stress) before assessing food consumption for 2 h. We found that systemic injections of the CRF1 receptor antagonist R121919 (2,5-dimethyl-3-(6-dimethyl-4-methylpyridin-3-yl)-7 dipropylamino pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine) (10-20 mg/kg) and BNST (25-50 ng/side) or ventricular (1000 ng) injections of the nonselective CRF receptor antagonist d-Phe-CRF(12-41) decreased frustration stress-induced binge eating in rats with a history of food restriction. Frustration stress also increased Fos (a neuronal activity marker) expression in ventral and dorsal BNST. Results demonstrate a critical role of CRF receptors in BNST in stress-induced binge eating in our rat model. CRF1 receptor antagonists may represent a novel pharmacological treatment for bingeing-related eating disorders.
    The Journal of Neuroscience : The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 08/2014; 34(34):11316-24. DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1854-14.2014 · 6.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Investigations on the relationship between obesity, binge eating and the function of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have led to inconsistent results. General psychopathology affects HPA axis function. The present study aims to examine correlations between binge eating, general psychopathology and HPA axis function in obese binge eaters. Methods: Twenty-four hour urinary free cortisol (UFC/24 h) was measured in 71 obese binge eating women. The patients were administered psychometric tests investigating binge eating, psychopathology and clinical variables. The relationship between binge eating, psychopathology and urinary cortisol was investigated, controlling for age and BMI. Results: We found an inverse correlation between UFC/24 h and binge eating, depression, obsessive-compusive symptoms, somatization and sensitivity. In a regression model a significant inverse correlation between urinary cortisol and psychopathology was confirmed. Conclusions: Urinary cortisol levels in obese patients with binge eating disorder show an inverse correlation with several dimensions of psychopathology which are considered to be typical of a cluster of psychiatric disorders characterized by low HPA axis function, and are very common in obese binge eating patients. If these results are confirmed, UFC/24 h might be considered a biomarker of psychopathology in obese binge eaters.
    Appetite 08/2014; 83. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.020 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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