Long-term change in cholesterol in relation to inflammation-sensitive plasma proteins: A longitudinal study
ABSTRACT The nature of the relationship between inflammation and elevated serum lipid levels is incompletely understood. This longitudinal study explores whether elevated levels of inflammation-sensitive plasma proteins (ISPs) are a risk factor for developing increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Five ISPs (fibrinogen, orosomucoid, alpha1-antitrypsin, haptoglobin, and ceruloplasmin) were measured in a population-based cohort of nondiabetic healthy men aged 38 to 50 years at baseline. Subjects were reexamined after a mean of 6.2 years. The development of hypercholesterolemia (cholesterol>or=6.5 mmol/L [>or=251 mg/dL]) and hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides>or=2.3 mmol/L [>or=204 mg/dL]) during follow-up was studied in relation to the number of elevated levels of ISPs (i.e., in the top quartile).
Of men with initially normal cholesterol levels (<6.5 mmol/L; n=2224), proportions of men with no, one, two, and three or more elevated ISP levels at baseline who developed hypercholesterolemia were 12%, 13%, 16%, and 20%, respectively (p for trend=0.0002). This relationship remained significant after adjustments for cholesterol level at baseline and other confounding factors. The relationship between ISP levels and future hypertriglyceridemia was attenuated and nonsignificant after adjustments for confounding factors.
In apparently healthy men with initially normal cholesterol levels, elevated ISP levels are a risk factor for development of hypercholesterolemia.
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ABSTRACT: Fibrinogen alpha chain (FGA), a subunit of fibrinogen, might be a potential player for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), since the plasma levels of fibrinogen is known to be related to the incidence of T2DM. To elucidate the potential role of FGA in T2DM, we investigated whether FGA genetic variations are relevant in T2DM in the Korean population. Seven FGA single nucleotide poly- morphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in Ansung and Ansan cohorts (474 T2DM subjects and 470 normal controls) in Korea. The association between SNPs and T2DM was determined by logistic regression analysis. Genetic relevance of SNPs to T2DM-related phenotypes was investigated by multiple linear regression analysis. Statistical analysis revealed that among seven FGA SNPs, significant associations with T2DM were ob- served in FGA rs2070011 (p=0.013-0.034, OR=0.72∼ 0.79), rs6050 (p=0.026∼0.048, OR=1.24∼1.37), and rs2070022 (p=0.016∼0.039, OR=0.70∼0.72). Two SNPs, rs2070011 and rs6050, also showed significant associa- tion with T2DM-related phenotypes such as triglyceride (p=0.005∼0.011 for rs2070011 and p=0.003∼0.008 for rs6050), total cholesterol (p=0.01 for rs2070011 and p=0.024 for rs6050) and fasting glucose (p=0.035∼ 0.036 for rs2070011 and p=0.048 for rs6050) in 470 nor- mal controls. Our association study implies that FGA might be an important genetic factor in T2DM patho- genesis in the Korean population by affecting plasma lipid and glucose levels.06/2009; 7(2). DOI:10.5808/GI.2009.7.2.057
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ABSTRACT: Women who deliver preterm are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, but mechanisms are not understood. The authors considered that inflammation in women with spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) might be related to their metabolic profile, such as lipids, and tested this in a nested case-control study from the Pregnancy Exposures and Preeclampsia Prevention Study (1997-2001). Cases were women with sPTB at 34-<37 weeks (n = 76) or < 34 weeks (n = 33). Controls were randomly selected women with term births (n = 228). Early pregnancy inflammation (C-reactive protein: > or = 8 microg/ml) and dyslipidemia (cholesterol: > 230 mg/dl or triglycerides: > 140 mg/dl) were evaluated in serum collected at < 21 weeks. Late pregnancy elevated C-reactive protein (> or = 12 microg/ml) was measured in a subset (n = 295). Polycotomous logistic regression was used to estimate the joint effects of C-reactive protein elevations and dyslipidemia on the risk of sPTB subtypes. After adjustment for race, body mass index, periconceptional vitamin use, and gestational age at sampling, early pregnancy inflammation (odds ratio = 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1, 7.2) and dyslipidemia (odds ratio = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.0, 4.2) were independently associated with sPTB at 34-<37 weeks. The presence of both conditions increased risk of sPTB at < 34 weeks 6.4-fold (95% CI: 1.7, 24.1). Half of the women with early pregnancy inflammation had elevated C-reactive protein late in gestation, and each was independently related to the risk of sPTB at < 34 weeks. The results indicate that some metabolic factors together with inflammation may be related to the risk of sPTB.American journal of epidemiology 01/2008; 166(11):1312-9. DOI:10.1093/aje/kwm273 · 4.98 Impact Factor