Article

Novel KIND1 gene mutation in Kindler syndrome with severe gastrointestinal tract involvement.

Department of Dermatology, Paracelsus Private Medical University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
Archives of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 4.79). 01/2007; 142(12):1619-24. DOI: 10.1001/archderm.142.12.1619
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Kindler syndrome (online Mendelian Inheritance in Man No. 173650) is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by acral trauma-induced blistering that improves with age and by progressive poikiloderma in later life. Other clinical features include photosensitivity, webbing of the fingers and toes, nail dystrophy, periodontal disease, and mucosal alterations. Aside from esophageal or anal stenosis, gastrointestinal tract involvement seems to be rare in Kindler syndrome. Recently, mutations in the KIND1 gene that encodes for the membrane-associated protein kindlin-1 have been identified. Kindlin-1 links the actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix and is supposed to have cell-signaling functions owing to different functional domains. In particular, a domain with high homology to 4.1/ezrin/radixin/moesin (FERM) proteins is closely related to the sequences of talin that mediate integrin binding and therefore may play a role in integrin-dependent processes such as cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis.
Complete loss of this multifunctional protein in our patient with Kindler syndrome resulted in severe gastrointestinal tract involvement with hemorrhagic colitis. Mucosa of the descending and sigmoid colon and the rectum showed erosions and ulcers with pseudomembranous alterations of an overall highly vulnerable mucosa. Mutation analysis revealed a homozygous status for the novel mutation 20/21delTT in exon 2 of the KIND1 gene resulting in a preterminal stop codon creating a nonfunctional peptide 17 amino acids in length.
Because of our experience with this and another patient, we propose that gastrointestinal tract involvement should be looked at more frequently in Kindler syndrome.

6 Bookmarks
 · 
225 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the integrin co-activator kindlin-1 cause Kindler syndrome. We report a novel kindlin-1-deficient keratinocyte cell line derived from a Kindler syndrome patient. Despite the expression of kindlin-2, the patient's cells display several hallmarks related to reduced function of β1 integrins, including abnormal cell morphology, cell adhesion, cell spreading, focal adhesion assembly, and cell migration. Defective cell adhesion was aggravated by kindlin-2 depletion, indicating that kindlin-2 can compensate to a certain extent for the loss of kindlin-1. Intriguingly, β1 at the cell-surface was aberrantly glycosylated in the patient's cells, and its expression was considerably reduced, both in cells in vitro and in the patient's epidermis. Reconstitution with wild-type kindlin-1 but not with a β1-binding defective mutant restored the aberrant β1 expression and glycosylation, and normalized cell morphology, adhesion, spreading, and migration. Furthermore, the expression of wild-type kindlin-1, but not of the integrin-binding-defective mutant, increased the stability of integrin-mediated cell-matrix adhesions and enhanced the redistribution of internalized integrins to the cell surface. Thus, these data uncover a role for kindlin-1 in the regulation of integrin trafficking and adhesion turnover.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(6):e65341. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: The etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) involves both genetic and environmental components. Multiple UC and CD susceptibility genes have been identified through genome-wide association studies and subsequent meta-analyses. These studies have also highlighted the presence of genes common to both diseases, and shared with several other autoimmune disorders. The aim of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) recently identified by the International IBD Genetics Consortium (IIBDGC) demonstrating that highly significant associations with CD could also confer genetic susceptibility to UC. METHODS:: Statistical modeling was performed on 29 CD-associated SNPs. The study comprised of 1652 UC cases from the Australia and New Zealand IBD Consortium and 2363 Australian population-based controls. RESULTS:: After adjustment for multiple comparisons, only one SNP, rs3024505, was significantly associated with UC (P = 0.001). Independent chi-square analyses identified odds ratios of 2.22 (1.48-3.37) for the rare homozygous genotype, and 1.20 (1.06-1.35) for the minor allele. Five other SNPs demonstrated moderate to weak associations with UC. CONCLUSIONS:: Of the 29 SNPs conferring high genetic susceptibility to CD, 28 were not associated with UC, thus indicating that for this SNP set there is a low level of overlap between the two major forms of IBD. Only one SNP, rs3024505 (Chr 1q32.1, upstream of IL10), was associated with susceptibility to UC. The identification of this SNP replicates a finding from Franke et al (2008), where the rs3024505 SNP was strongly associated with UC across multiple European populations.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 01/2013; · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: From a forward genetic screen for epidermal defects in zebrafish, we identified a loss-of-function mutation in Kindlin-1, an essential regulator of integrin function. The mutation generates a premature stop codon, deleting the integrin-binding site. The mutant zebrafish develop cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion defects in the basal epidermis leading to progressive fin rupturing, and was therefore designated rupturing-of-fins (rof). Similar defects were observed in the epidermis of Kindler syndrome patients, carrying a loss-of-function mutation in kindlin-1. Mutational analysis and rescue experiments in zebrafish revealed that residues K610, W612, and I647 in the F3 domain are essential for Kindlin-1 function in vivo, and that Kindlin-2 can functionally compensate for the loss of Kindlin-1. The fin phenotype of rof/kindlin-1 mutants resembles that of badfin mutants, carrying a mutation in Integrin α3. We show here that this mutation impairs the biosynthesis of integrin α3β1, and causes cell-matrix and cell-cell defects in vivo. Whereas both Integrin-linked kinase and Kindlin-1 cooperate with Integrin α3β1 to resist trauma-induced epidermal defects, Kindlin-1 and Ilk surprisingly do not act synergistically but in parallel. Thus, the rof/kindlin-1 mutant zebrafish provides a unique model system to study epidermal adhesion mechanisms in vivo.Journal of Investigative Dermatology accepted article preview online, 2 April 2013; doi:10.1038/jid.2013.154.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 04/2013; · 6.19 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
152 Downloads
Available from
May 16, 2014