DeltaF508 mutation results in impaired gastric acid secretion.
ABSTRACT The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is recognized as a multifunctional protein that is involved in Cl(-) secretion, as well as acting as a regulatory protein. In order for acid secretion to take place a complex interaction of transport proteins and channels must occur at the apical pole of the parietal cell. Included in this process is at least one K(+) and Cl(-) channel, allowing for both recycling of K(+) for the H,K-ATPase, and Cl(-) secretion, necessary for the generation of concentrated HCl in the gastric gland lumen. We have previously shown that an ATP-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) is expressed in parietal cells. In the present study we measured secretagogue-induced acid secretion from wild-type and DeltaF508-deficient mice in isolated gastric glands and whole stomach preparations. Secretagogue-induced acid secretion in wild-type mouse gastric glands could be significantly reduced with either glibenclamide or the specific inhibitor CFTR-inh172. In DeltaF508-deficient mice, however, histamine-induced acid secretion was significantly less than in wild-type mice. Furthermore, immunofluorescent localization of sulfonylurea 1 and 2 failed to show expression of a sulfonylurea receptor in the parietal cell, thus further implicating CFTR as the ATP-binding cassette transporter associated with the K(ATP) channels. These results demonstrate a regulatory role for the CFTR protein in normal gastric acid secretion.
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ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Glucocorticoids enhance gastric acid secretion and inhibit gastric cyclooxygenase, thus downregulating formation of PGE2, an inhibitor of gastric acid secretion. In erythrocytes, PGE2 formation is inhibited by annexin 7. The present study thus explored whether annexin 7 participates in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. Methods: Annexin 7 protein expression was determined by Western blotting, cytosolic pH (pHi) of parietal cells utilizing BCECF-fluorescence, and gastric acid secretion by determination of Na(+)-independent pHi recovery from an ammonium pulse (∆pHi/min). Experiments were performed in isolated glands from gene targeted mice lacking annexin 7 (anx7(-/-)) and in respective wild type animals (anx7(+/+)). Results: Prior to treatment pHi and ∆pHi/min were similar in isolated gastric glands from anx7(-/-) and from anx7(+/+) mice. Aspirin (100 µM added to the glands 1 hr prior to the experiment) significantly increased ∆pHi/min to similar values in both genotypes. The administration of dexamethasone (10 µg/g BW subcutaneously for 4 consecutive days prior to the experiments) significantly increased ∆pH/min in anx7(+/+) mice but not in anx7(-/-) mice. Following dexamethasone treatment, the luminal pH was significantly lower and the acid content significantly higher in anx7(+/+) mice than in anx7(-/-) mice. An increase of extracellular K(+) concentration to 35 mM (replacing Na(+)/NMDG(+)) significantly increased ∆pHi/min in both genotypes. In neither genotype dexamethasone increased ∆pH/min further in the presence of 35 mM K(+) or presence of aspirin. Conclusions: Annexin 7 is required for the stimulation of gastric acid secretion by glucocorticoids. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 12/2013; 32(6):1643-1654. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It has been reported that chloride-proton exchanger ClC-5 and vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase are essential for endosomal acidification in the renal proximal cells. Here, we found that ClC-5 is expressed in the gastric parietal cells which secrete actively hydrochloric acid at the luminal region of the gland, and that it is partially localized in the intracellular tubulovesicles in which gastric H(+),K(+)-ATPase is abundantly expressed. ClC-5 was co-immunoprecipitated with H(+),K(+)-ATPase in the lysate of tubulovesicles. The ATP-dependent uptake of (36)Cl(-) into the vesicles was abolished by 2-methyl-8-(phenylmethoxy)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-acetonitrile (SCH28080), an inhibitor of H(+),K(+)-ATPase, suggesting functional expression of ClC-5. In the tetracycline-regulated expression system of ClC-5 in the HEK293 cells stably expressing gastric H(+),K(+)-ATPase, ClC-5 was co-immunoprecipitated with H(+),K(+)-ATPase, but not with endogenous Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. The SCH28080-sensitive (36)Cl(-) transporting activity was observed in the ClC-5-expressing cells, but not in the ClC-5-non-expressing cells. The mutant (E211A-ClC-5), which has no H(+) transport activity, did not show the SCH28080-sensitive (36)Cl(-) transport. On the other hand, both ClC-5 and its mutant (E211A) significantly increased the activity of H(+),K(+)-ATPase. Our results suggest that ClC-5 and H(+),K(+)-ATPase are functionally associated and that they may contribute to gastric acid secretion.Biology open. 01/2014; 3(1):12-21.
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ABSTRACT: Cystic fibrosis can affect food digestion and nutrient absorption. The underlying mutation of the cystic fibrosis trans-membrane regulator gene depletes functional cystic fibrosis trans-membrane regulator on the surface of epithelial cells lining the digestive tract and associated organs, where Cl− secretion and subsequently secretion of water and other ions are impaired. This alters pH and dehydrates secretions that precipitate and obstruct the lumen, causing inflammation and the eventual degradation of the pancreas, liver, gallbladder and intestine. Associated conditions include exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, impaired bicarbonate and bile acid secretion and aberrant mucus formation, commonly leading to maldigestion and malabsorption, particularly of fat and fat-soluble vitamins. Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is used to address this insufficiency. The susceptibility of pancreatic lipase to acidic and enzymatic inactivation and decreased bile availability often impedes its efficacy. Brush border digestive enzyme activity and intestinal uptake of certain disaccharides and amino acids await clarification. Other complications that may contribute to maldigestion/malabsorption include small intestine bacterial overgrowth, enteric circular muscle dysfunction, abnormal intestinal mucus, and intestinal inflammation. However, there is some evidence that gastric digestive enzymes, colonic microflora, correction of fatty acid abnormalities using dietary n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and emerging intestinal biomarkers can complement nutrition management in cystic fibrosis.Digestive and Liver Disease 10/2014; · 2.89 Impact Factor