Article

Partial nephrectomy achieves local tumor control and prevents chronic kidney disease.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Surgery, Urology Service, 1275 York Avenue, NY, 10021, USA.
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy (Impact Factor: 2.28). 01/2007; 6(12):1745-51. DOI: 10.1586/14737140.6.12.1745
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Over the last 10 years, a rapidly changing clinical landscape has created an optimal environment to expand the use of partial nephrectomy for the treatment of renal cortical tumors. The main factors responsible for the increasing use of partial nephrectomy relate to the appreciation of the diversity of renal cortical tumor histology, the tumor stage and size migration associated with their incidental detection, and the oncological efficacy of partial nephrectomy for tumors of 7 cm or smaller. Evidence has now emerged that radical nephrectomy performed during the treatment of a small renal mass may further reduce an already impaired baseline renal function and place the patient in the realm of chronic kidney disease. Important new information concerning chronic kidney disease, a condition far more prevalent in the aging US population than previously appreciated, and its associated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, now places maximal renal functional preservation on a par with local tumor control as surgical plans are formulated for the resection of a small renal cortical tumor.

0 Followers
 · 
58 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) comprises about 5% of pediatric renal neoplasms. It has been recognized as a second malignancy in multiple reports. It is generally symptomatic at diagnosis, and most children with RCC present with more locally advanced disease than do adults. Contemporary investigation of pediatric RCC has demonstrated that a large percentage of these tumors bear cytogenetic translocations involving the MiT family of transcription factors. Surgical therapy for these children resembles operative intervention for adult RCC, though debate continues about the precise role of lymph node dissection. There are no adequately powered studies to support conclusions about adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy for children with RCC. This may be ameliorated by a multi-institutional protocol which is enrolling patients.
    Journal of pediatric urology 06/2009; 5(4):308-14. DOI:10.1016/j.jpurol.2009.04.007 · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma in children and adolescents is rare and comprises only about 1% of renal tumors in this age group. Since the last WHO classification in 1997, new entities of renal tumors in young patients have been described and have been included into the new 2004 WHO renal cell carcinoma classification. Renal cell carcinoma associated with neuroblastoma comprises 2.5% of renal cell carcinoma in young patients. It occurs several years after neuroblastoma. A large proportion of these tumors show allelic imbalance of chromosomes 20q13, 2p31-32.2, 13q22 and 14q31. TFE3-translocation carcinomas correspond to approximately 20% of renal cell carcinomas in the pediatric and adolescent age group. Both translocations t(X;17)(p11.2;q25) and t(X;1)(p11.2;q21.2) result in immunohistochemically detectable TFE3 protein overexpression. By conventional morphology, TFE3-translocation carcinomas typically show prominent "voluminous" clear cytoplasm and partially papillary architecture. Even according to the revised 2004 WHO classification, in children and adolescents, far more renal cell carcinomas than in the adult age group are currently not classifiable but constitute a phenotypically heterogeneous group with ample potential for future renal cell carcinoma subtypes.
    Der Pathologe 08/2004; 25(4):324-7. · 0.64 Impact Factor