Article

The population effect of crime and neighbourhood on physical activity: an analysis of 15,461 adults.

Evidence for Population Health Unit, Epidemiology & Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK.
Journal of Epidemiology &amp Community Health (Impact Factor: 3.29). 02/2007; 61(1):34-9. DOI: 10.1136/jech.2006.048389
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Area-based interventions offer the potential to increase physical activity for many sedentary people in countries such as the UK. Evidence on the effect of individual and area/neighbourhood influences on physical activity is in its infancy, and despite its value to policy makers a population focus is rarely used. Data from a population-based health and lifestyle survey of adults in northwest England were used to analyse associations between individual and neighbourhood perceptions and physical activity. The population effect of eliminating a risk factor was expressed as a likely effect on population levels of physical activity. Of the 15,461 responders, 21,923 (27.1%) were physically active. Neighbourhood perceptions of leisure facilities were associated with physical activity, but no association was found for sense of belonging, public transport or shopping facilities. People who felt safe in their neighbourhood were more likely to be physically active, but no associations were found for vandalism, assaults, muggings or experience of crime. The number of physically active people would increase by 3290 if feelings of "unsafe" during the day were removed, and by 11,237 if feelings of "unsafe" during the night were removed. An additional 8342 people would be physically active if everyone believed that they were "very well placed for leisure facilities". Feeling safe had the potential largest effect on population levels of physical activity. Strategies to increase physical activity in the population need to consider the wider determinants of health-related behaviour, including fear of crime and safety.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
85 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: activity, obesity and wellbeing relation to neighbourhood satisfaction, physical Recreational values of the natural environment in http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/62/4/e2 Updated information and services can be found at: These include: References http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/62/4/e2#BIBL This article cites 35 articles, 5 of which can be accessed free at: Rapid responses http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/eletter-submit/62/4/e2 You can respond to this article at: service Email alerting the top right corner of the article Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article -sign up in the box at Notes http://journals.bmj.com/cgi/reprintform To order reprints of this article go to: http://journals.bmj.com/subscriptions/ go to: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health To subscribe to on
    Journal of epidemiology and community health 04/2008; 62(e2):1-7. · 3.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypotheses on the relationship between neighborhood perception and obesity (as measured by body mass index) seem to generally posit that a positive neighborhood perception may be related with behaviors that positively moderate body weight.
    The Journal of frailty & aging. 01/2012; 1(4):152-161.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the relationship between neighborhood environment (e.g., objective neighborhood socioeconomic status [SES] and subjective neighborhood perceptions) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) or central obesity using logistic regression and content analysis of respondents’ narratives on housing unfair treatment in the YES Health pilot study. Multivariate results showed significant relationships between low SES White, low SES Black, and middle SES Black versus middle SES White neighborhoods and total-sample and women's obesity, in almost all neighborhood perception models. Significant relationships included: disliking neighborhood and total-sample obesity; neighborhood informal monitoring/surveillance and total-sample and women's obesity; social participation and total-sample and women's obesity; and perceptions of families and total-sample and women's obesity. Qualitative results partially corroborate our quantitative results that low SES neighborhood adults were more likely to experience neighborhood disorders and safety issues. Our findings highlight examining objective and subjective neighborhood environments related to central obesity, suggesting specific health targets for neighborhood intervention programs.
    Journal of Social Issues 06/2014; 70(2). · 1.96 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
30 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014