Effects of airborne-particle abrasion, sodium hydroxide anodization, and electrical discharge machining on porcelain adherence to cast commercially pure titanium.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the effect of airborne-particle abrasion (APA), sodium hydroxide anodization (SHA), and electrical discharge machining (EDM) on cast titanium surfaces and titanium-porcelain adhesion. Ninety titanium specimens were cast with pure titanium and the alpha-case layer was removed. Specimens were randomly divided into three groups. Ten specimens from each group were subjected to APA. SHA was applied to the second subgroups, and the remaining specimens were subjected to the EDM. For the control group, 10 specimens were cast using NiCr alloy and subjected to only APA. Surfaces were examined by using scanning electron microscope and a surface profilometer. Three titanium porcelains were fused on the titanium surfaces, whereas NiCr specimens were covered with conventional porcelain. Titanium-porcelain adhesion was characterized by a 3-point bending test. Statistical analysis showed that the porcelain-metal bond strength of the control group was higher than that of the titanium-porcelain system (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the bond strengths of titanium groups (p 0.05), except the bond strengths of Noritake Super Porcelain TI-22 groups on which APA and SHA were applied (p < 0.05). SHA and EDM as surface treatment did not improve titanium-porcelain adhesion when compared to APA.
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ABSTRACT: The aims of this literature review are to provide answers to questions on how to improve bonding between titanium and dental porcelain and how to further implement, in clinical practice, ceramic-veneered titanium as an alternative to conventional metal-ceramic systems. A literature search of PubMed and also among referenced published scientific papers was performed and 24 fulfilled the search criteria, namely mentions of titanium, ceramics and bond strength. These papers were compiled for comparison and evaluated regarding the bond strength achieved with different methods. The results strongly indicate that there are possibilities to improve both the present materials and methods for titanium-ceramic veneering. The results indicate that present knowledge is sufficient to conclude that veneering titanium with low-fused porcelain for crowns and fixed partial dentures can be recommended for routine clinical use.Acta odontologica Scandinavica 01/2010; 68(3):154-64. DOI:10.3109/00016350903575260 · 1.31 Impact Factor