Bone marrow mononuclear cells stimulate angiogenesis when transplanted into surgically induced fibrocollagenous tunnels: results from a canine ischemic hindlimb model.
ABSTRACT Progenitor cell transplantation has been considered as a potential angiogenesis therapy for the ischemic hindlimb. In this work we performed an ischemic hindlimb model in dogs. We ligated the middle sacra and the external right iliac arteries. After 7 days, the femoral artery was ligated and removed, and three Silastic tubes were inserted into the gracilis muscle to create fibrocollagenous tunnels. After Silastic implantation, we administered saline or granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) subcutaneously daily during 5 days. Fourteen days after device positioning we transplanted bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) into the tunnels previously formed by Silastic tube reaction. Twenty-eight days later, contrasted angiographies were performed and angiographic scores were calculated. Also, vessels and endothelial cells and proliferating cells were identified by immunochemistry of muscle sections. Results demonstrated that BMMC transplantation enriched by G-CSF administration significantly stimulates angiogenesis in the ischemic hindlimb, and more than BMMC transplantation alone. Transplantation of progenitor cells in an appropriate extracellular matrix is a potential therapy for hindlimb ischemia.
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ABSTRACT: Summary The progress of medicine has largely been due to research, and for surgery, in particular, the experimental surgical laboratory has been considered fundamental to the surgeon's education. In this study, a general view of experimental surgery is given in animal models based on bioethical norms as well as to design, create and apply different surgical procedures before performing in humans. Experimental surgery also facilitates surgical teaching and promotes the surgeon's scientific reasoning. This is a retrospective and descriptive study. Data were collected from direct and indirect sources of available publications on the historical, bioethical and educational aspects of medicine, focusing on surgery. The important facts corresponding to the field of experimental surgery and applicable in Mexico were selected. Concepts of experimental surgical models and of the experimental surgery laboratory were described. Bioethical considerations are emphasized for care of experimental animals. Finally, this work focuses on the importance of surgical experimentation in current and future development of the surgical researcher. Experimentation with animal models in a surgical laboratory is essential for surgical teaching and promotes development of the scientific thought in the surgeon. It is necessary for surgical research and is fundamental for making progress in surgery, treatment and medicine as science.