Laparoscopic nephrectomy: assessment of morcellation versus intact specimen extraction on postoperative status.

Department of Urology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.
The Journal of Urology (Impact Factor: 3.75). 08/2003; 170(2 Pt 1):412-5. DOI: 10.1097/01.ju.0000076667.70020.82
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We compared pathological evaluation and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy at our institution with morcellated vs intact specimen extraction.
A prospective evaluation of 57 consecutive patients undergoing radical and simple transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy was reviewed. One patient was excluded from study due to transitional cell carcinoma, which was detected intraoperatively. The 33 morcellated specimens were extracted at the umbilical port and the 23 intact specimens were extracted through a midline infraumbilical incision. Data were obtained on narcotic requirements, hospital stay, complications, estimated blood loss, mass size based on preoperative imaging, specimen weight and extraction incision length.
Mean incision length in the morcellated and intact specimen removal groups was 1.2 and 7.1 cm, respectively (p <0.001). No significant differences in pain or recovery were noted between the 2 groups. Two cases of microscopic invasion of the perinephric adipose tissue in the intact specimen group were up staged from clinical T1 to pT3a disease. No change in patient treatment was made based on this information.
We did not find a significant difference in surgical time, pain or hospital stay. Only incision length was statistically significant. Postoperative recovery appeared to be similar in these 2 groups. With modern imaging modalities information on pathological stage did not alter patient treatment.

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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) may diminish morbidity of laparoscopic surgery. We prospectively evaluated feasibility and outcomes of LESS-Radical Nephrectomy (LESS-RN) and Partial Nephrectomy (LESS-PN). Methods. 10 patients underwent LESS-RN (6) and LESS-PN (4) between 2/2009-5/2009. LESS-RN included 2 with renal vein thrombectomy, one of which was also cytoreductive. Transperitoneal LESS access was obtained by periumbilical incision. Patient/tumor characteristics, oncologic, and quality of life (QoL) outcomes were analyzed. Results. 3 Men/7 Women (mean age 58.7 years, median follow-up 9.8 months) underwent LESS. 9/10 cases were completed successfully. All had negative margins. Mean operative time was 161 minutes, estimated blood loss was 125 mL, and incision size was 4.4 cm. Median tumor size for LESS-RN and -PN was 5.0 and 1.7 cm (P = .045). Median LESS-PN ischemia time was 24 minutes; mean preoperative/postoperative creatinine were 0.7/0.8 mg/dL (P = .19). Mean pain score at discharge was 1.3. Mean preoperative, 3-, and 6-month postoperative SF-36 QoL Score was 73.8, 74.4 and 77.1 (P = .222). All patients are currently alive. Conclusions. LESS-RN, renal vein thrombectomy, and PN are technically feasible and safe while maintaining adherence to oncologic principles, with excellent QoL preservation and low discharge pain scores. Further study is requisite.
    Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy 01/2010; 2010:107482.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Large volume centres from the USA suggest laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for T2 (>7 cm) renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is safe and associated with few complications. Similar data for low and intermediate volume centres in Europe is lacking. Objective To determine whether LRN for T2 RCC in two intermediate volume UK hospitals compares favourably with larger volume centres. To determine whether LRN for T2 RCC is associated with favourable outcomes when compared to LRN for T1 RCC. Patients and methods Data from 118 consecutive LRN performed in Oxford, UK (tertiary academic centre, catchment population 2,000,000) and Reading, UK (large district general hospital, catchment population 500,000). All patients undergoing LRN from 2004 to 2008 were included; outcome data were collected prospectively. All patients underwent a standard 4-port trans-peritoneal LRN with intact specimen removal. Patients were divided into two groups—Group 1 (clinical T1 tumours) and Group 2 (clinical T2 tumours). Demographic data and operative outcome data were collected for every patient including age, weight, operative duration, estimated blood loss, transfusion rates, complications, hospital stay and histology. Data were compared using Chi-square test and the Student t-test. Results Mean patient age was 62.5 years; 57% of tumours were right sided. Mean tumour dimension in Group 1 was 4.3 cm and 9.3 cm in Group 2. Demographics were similar between the two groups. Operative duration, estimated blood loss and transfusion rates were significantly greater in Group 2. Despite this, complication rates, conversion rates and hospital stay were similar. 12% of tumours were benign and nearly half of all clinical T2 tumours were ultimately staged T3 on final histology. Conclusions LRN for T2 RCC can be performed safely in intermediate volume centres. The procedure is more challenging but operative outcomes are similar to LRN for smaller tumours. Many >7 cm RCC are T3 on final histology.
    British Journal of Medical and Surgical Urology 05/2009; 2(3):117–123.