Laparoscopic nephrectomy: Assessment of morcellation versus intact specimen extraction on postoperative status
ABSTRACT We compared pathological evaluation and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy at our institution with morcellated vs intact specimen extraction.
A prospective evaluation of 57 consecutive patients undergoing radical and simple transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy was reviewed. One patient was excluded from study due to transitional cell carcinoma, which was detected intraoperatively. The 33 morcellated specimens were extracted at the umbilical port and the 23 intact specimens were extracted through a midline infraumbilical incision. Data were obtained on narcotic requirements, hospital stay, complications, estimated blood loss, mass size based on preoperative imaging, specimen weight and extraction incision length.
Mean incision length in the morcellated and intact specimen removal groups was 1.2 and 7.1 cm, respectively (p <0.001). No significant differences in pain or recovery were noted between the 2 groups. Two cases of microscopic invasion of the perinephric adipose tissue in the intact specimen group were up staged from clinical T1 to pT3a disease. No change in patient treatment was made based on this information.
We did not find a significant difference in surgical time, pain or hospital stay. Only incision length was statistically significant. Postoperative recovery appeared to be similar in these 2 groups. With modern imaging modalities information on pathological stage did not alter patient treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) may diminish morbidity of laparoscopic surgery. We prospectively evaluated feasibility and outcomes of LESS-Radical Nephrectomy (LESS-RN) and Partial Nephrectomy (LESS-PN). Methods. 10 patients underwent LESS-RN (6) and LESS-PN (4) between 2/2009-5/2009. LESS-RN included 2 with renal vein thrombectomy, one of which was also cytoreductive. Transperitoneal LESS access was obtained by periumbilical incision. Patient/tumor characteristics, oncologic, and quality of life (QoL) outcomes were analyzed. Results. 3 Men/7 Women (mean age 58.7 years, median follow-up 9.8 months) underwent LESS. 9/10 cases were completed successfully. All had negative margins. Mean operative time was 161 minutes, estimated blood loss was 125 mL, and incision size was 4.4 cm. Median tumor size for LESS-RN and -PN was 5.0 and 1.7 cm (P = .045). Median LESS-PN ischemia time was 24 minutes; mean preoperative/postoperative creatinine were 0.7/0.8 mg/dL (P = .19). Mean pain score at discharge was 1.3. Mean preoperative, 3-, and 6-month postoperative SF-36 QoL Score was 73.8, 74.4 and 77.1 (P = .222). All patients are currently alive. Conclusions. LESS-RN, renal vein thrombectomy, and PN are technically feasible and safe while maintaining adherence to oncologic principles, with excellent QoL preservation and low discharge pain scores. Further study is requisite.Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy 06/2010; 2010(1070-3608):107482. DOI:10.1155/2010/107482
- Nature Clinical Practice Urology 10/2005; DOI:10.1038/ncpuro0319 · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has emerged as a viable alternative to open surgery for renal tumors less than 4 cm. We present oncological followup of patients treated with laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery at our institution. Between September 1996 and December 2001, 48 patients who underwent LPN for clinically localized tumors were found to have pathologically proven renal cell carcinoma. Medical and operative records were reviewed for clinical characteristics, pathological findings and followup information. Mean patient age was 59.7 years (range 32 to 81) and mean followup was 37.7 months (range 22 to 84). Mean tumor size was 2.4 cm (range 1.0 to 4.0). Final pathological stage was pT1 in 42 patients (87.5%) and pT3a in 6 (12.5%). Histology revealed clear cell in 32 patients (66.7%), papillary in 10 (20.8%), chromophobe in 3 (6.3%), collecting duct in 1 (2.1%) and unclassified in 2 (4.2%). Intraoperative frozen section biopsies revealed negative margins in all cases. Final surgical margins were positive in 1 patient (2.1%). Followup evaluation consisting of physical examination and yearly cross-sectional imaging, which revealed no recurrences in 46 of 48 patients (95.8%). One patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease was found to have local recurrence 18 months after LPN and observation was elected. The second patient had recurrence in the same kidney away from the original tumor site approximately 4 years later. LPN is an effective treatment modality for clinically localized renal cell carcinoma. Oncological outcomes at a mean followup of 3 years are promising, although the durability of oncological outcomes must be determined.The Journal of Urology 10/2004; 172(3):871-3. DOI:10.1097/01.ju.0000134292.36152.fa · 3.75 Impact Factor