To die or not to die: a HAT trick.
ABSTRACT In this issue of Molecular Cell, two manuscripts (Sykes et al., 2006) propose that the decision to undergo apoptosis upon DNA damage is mediated through acetylation of p53 within its DNA-binding domain by MYST histone acetyltransferases.
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ABSTRACT: Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) regulate many critical cancer events, including transcriptional regulation of oncogene and tumor suppressors, chromatin structure and DNA damage response. Abnormal expression of HATs has been reported in a number of cancers. However, cellular functions of HATs in cancer and molecular mechanisms remain largely unclear. Here, we performed a lentiviral vector-mediated RNAi screen to systematically address the function of HATs in lung cancer cell growth and viability. We identified 8 HATs genes involved in A549 cell viability. Further experiments showed that KAT8 regulates G2/M cell cycle arrest through AKT/ERK-cyclin D1 signaling. Moreover, KAT8 inhibition led to p53 induction and subsequently reduced bcl-2 expression. Our results demonstrate an important role of KAT8 in cancer and suggest that KAT8 could be a novel cancer therapeutic target.International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(5):870-7. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease characterized by immunological deficiencies, neurological degeneration, developmental abnormalities and an increased risk of cancer. Ataxia-telangiectasia group D (ATDC) was initially described as a gene related to AT. Ataxia-telangiectasia group D, also known as TRIM29, is structurally a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family of proteins, some of which have been reported to be highly expressed in some human carcinomas, but the involvement of TRIM29 in carcinogenesis has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we found by using yeast two-hybrid screening that TRIM29 binds to Tip60, which has been reported as a cellular acetyltransferase protein. Overexpression of TRIM29 promoted degradation and changed localization of Tip60 and reduced acetylation of p53 at lysine 120 by Tip60, resulting in enhancement of cell growth and transforming activity. In addition, we found that TRIM29 suppresses apoptosis induced by UV irradiation in HCT116 cell lines. These findings suggest that TRIM29 functions as an oncogene that promotes tumor growth.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 04/2011; 1813(6):1245-53. DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.03.018 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The mammalian MRG15 gene encodes a chromodomain protein predicted to bind to chromatin via methylated histone tails. Human MORF4 encodes a related but truncated protein that is capable of promoting cellular senescence in a subset of human tumor cell lines. Drosophila contains a single homolog of human MRG15, called DmMRG15. Null mutation of MRG15 is embryonic-lethal in mice and Drosophila, making the study of MRG15 requirements in adults difficult. In these studies the DmMRG15 gene was over-expressed in Drosophila, during developmental stages and in adults, using a doxycycline-regulated system (Tet-on). In addition an inverted-repeated construct was designed to inactivate DmMRG15 via the RNAi pathway, and RNAi constructs were expressed using both the Tet-on system and Geneswitch system. The DmMRG15 protein was readily expressed in adult flies in a doxycycline-dependent manner. A truncated form of DmMRG15 (called DmMT1) was designed to mimic the structure of human MORF4, and expression of this mutant protein or the inverted-repeat constructs inhibited fertility in females. Conditional expression of the DmMRG15 inverted-repeat constructs during larval development or in adults caused reductions in survival. These experiments indicate that Drosophila DmMRG15 gene function is required for female fertility, larval survival and adult life span, and provide reagents that should be useful for further dissecting the role of DmMRG15 in cell proliferation and aging.Experimental gerontology 11/2010; 45(11):825-33. DOI:10.1016/j.exger.2010.06.002 · 3.53 Impact Factor