Stir bar sorptive extraction and liquid chromatography with UV detection for determination of antidepressants in plasma samples.
ABSTRACT A sensitive and reproducible stir bar sorptive extraction and liquid chromatography (SBSE/LC-UV) method is described for the determination of sertraline, mirtazapine, fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine, imipramine, nortriptyline, amitriptyne, and desipramine in plasma samples. Important factors in the optimization of SBSE efficiency are discussed, such as extraction time, pH, ionic strength, influence of plasma proteins, and desorption conditions: solvents, modes (magnetic stir, ultrasonic), time, and number of desorption steps. The SBSE/LC-UV method showed to be linear in a concentration ranging from the limit of quantification (LOQ) to 1000.0 ng mL(-1). The LOQ values ranged from 10.0 ng mL(-1) to 40.0 ng mL(-1). The inter-day precision of the SBSE/LC-UV method presented coefficient of the variation lower than 15%. Based on figures of the merit results, the SBSE/LC-UV methodology showed to be adequate to the antidepressants analyses from therapeutic to toxic therapeutic levels. In order to evaluate the proposed method for clinical use, the SBSE/LC-UV method was applied to the analysis of plasma samples from elderly depressed patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Zarrin Es'haghi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper describes a new approach for the determination of amitriptyline in wastewater by ionic liquid based immersed droplet microextraction (IL-IDME) prior to high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. 1-Hexyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([C6MIM][PF6]) was used as an ionic liquid. Various factors that affect extraction, such as volume of ionic liquid, stirring rate, extraction time, pH of the aqueous solution and salting effect, were optimized. The optimal conditions were as follows: microextraction time, 10 min; stirring rate, 720 rpm; pH, 11; ionic drop volume, 100 μL; and no sodium chloride addition. In quantitative experiments the method showed linearity in a range from 0.01 to 10 μg/mL, a limit of detection of 0.004 μg/mL and an excellent pre-concentration factor (PF) of 1100. Finally, the method was successfully applied to the determination of amitriptyline in the hospital wastewater samples.Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis. 10/2012; 2(5):361–365.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A simple, rapid, and sensitive HPLC method based on 9H-fluoren-9-ylmethyl chloroformate derivatization for the quantification of sertraline in rat plasma has been developed, requiring a plasma sample of only 0.1 mL, which was deproteinized and derivatized for 5 min in two single steps. The obtained derivative was stable at room temperature and was determined by HPLC using a fluorescence detector. The analytical column was a C(18) column and the mobile phase was acetonitrile and water (80:20, v/v). Calibration curves were linear in the range of 10-500 ng/mL. The limit of detection was approximately 3 ng/mL, and the lower limit of quantification was established at 10 ng/mL. The bias of the method was lower than 10%, and the within day as well as between day, relative standard deviations were lower than 12%. This analytical method was successfully applied to characterize sertraline pharmacokinetics in rats following intravenous (t(1/2) = 213 ± 48 min, Cl = 43.1 ± 8.7 mL/min, V(d) = 11560 ± 1861 mL) and oral (C(max) = 156 ± 76 ng/mL, t(max) = 63.8 ± 16.3 min) administration of 2 and 5 mg, respectively.Journal of Separation Science 10/2012; · 2.59 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this study, the preparation and application of extraction bars of PDMS were investigated to preconcentrate and determine benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene in water and wastewater by means of HPLC with fluorescence detection. Aliquot samples from hospital wastewater were used as the model effluent. The independent variables for the sorptive extraction were as follows: ionic strength (added amounts of NaCl); pH; temperature and time of absorption; temperature and time of desorption. Under optimized conditions, by using a factorial design, the suspended extraction bars could allow the determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (1.20 ± 0.05 μg/L; 10.40 ± 0.02 μg/L; 1.80 ± 0.04 μg/L; 15.9 ± 0.04 μg/L, respectively) in hospital effluent (fortified samples), by recoveries of 71.9 ± 4.9 to 74.8 ± 5.6%. This procedure represents an innovation that eliminates the time-consuming stage of vacuum microfiltration, and allows the determination of volatile organic compounds by HPLC. As far as we know, this procedure is original and represents an important contribution to the field.Journal of Separation Science 12/2012; · 2.59 Impact Factor