Synthesis of RNA containing O-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-(1 ''-2 ')-adenosine-5 ''-phosphate and 1-methyladenosine, minor components of tRNA

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilov str. 32, Moscow, 119991, Russia.
Chemistry & Biodiversity (Impact Factor: 1.8). 10/2005; 2(9):1153-63. DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.200590085
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT tRNA is best known for its function as amino acid carrier in the translation process, using the anticodon loop in the recognition process with mRNA. However, the impact of tRNA on cell function is much wider, and mutations in tRNA can lead to a broad range of diseases. Although the cloverleaf structure of tRNA is well-known based on X-ray-diffraction studies, little is known about the dynamics of this fold, the way structural dynamics of tRNA is influenced by the modified nucleotides present in tRNA, and their influence on the recognition of tRNA by synthetases, ribosomes, and other biomolecules. One of the reasons for this is the lack of good synthetic methods to incorporate modified nucleotides in tRNA so that larger amounts become available for NMR studies. Except of 2'-O-methylated nucleosides, only one other sugar-modified nucleoside is present in tRNA, i.e., 2'-O-beta-D-ribofuranosyl nucleosides. The T loop of tRNA often contains charged modified nucleosides, of which 1-methyladenosine and phosphorylated disaccharide nucleosides are striking examples. A protecting-group strategy was developed to introduce 1-methyladenosine and 5''-O-phosphorylated 2'-O-(beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-beta-D-ribofuranosyladenine in the same RNA fragment. The phosphorylation of the disaccharide nucleoside was performed after the assembly of the RNA on solid support. The modified RNA was characterized by mass-spectrometry analysis from the RNase T1 digestion fragments. The successful synthesis of this T loop of the tRNA of Schizosaccharomyces pombe initiator tRNA(Met) will be followed by its structural analysis by NMR and by studies on the influence of these modified nucleotides on dynamic interactions within the complete tRNA.

Download full-text


Available from: Sergey N Mikhailov, Mar 25, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) is a natural polymer, taking part in numerous important cellular processes. Several enzymes are involved in biosynthesis and degradation of PAR. One of them, poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is considered to be a perspective target for the design of new drugs, affecting PAR metabolism. The structure of PAR was established by enzymatic hydrolysis and further analysis of the products, but total chemical synthesis of PAR hasn't been described yet. Several approaches have been developed on the way to chemical synthesis of this unique biopolymer.
    Nucleosides Nucleotides &amp Nucleic Acids 04/2015; 34(4):258-276. DOI:10.1080/15257770.2014.984073 · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Synthesis of 5''-phosphate 2'-O-ribosylribonucleosides [Nr(p)] of four common ribonucleosides, and 3'-phosphoramidites of 5''-phosphate 2'-O-ribosyladenosine and 2'-O-ribosylguanosine using the H-phosphonate chemistry is described. An additional ring protected by benzoyl groups was incorporated into the main ribosyl ring in the reaction with 1-O-acetyl-2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-β-d-ribofuranose in the presence of SnCl4. The obtained 2'-O-ribosylribonucleosides (Nr) were applied in the subsequent transformations with selective deprotection. Ethanolamine was applied as a very convenient reagent for selective removal of benzoyl groups. Additionally, the tetraisopropyldisiloxane-1,3-diyl (TIPDSi) group was found to be stable under these deprotection conditions. Thus, the selectively deprotected 5''-hydroxyl group of Nr was transformed into an H-phosphonate monoester which was found to be stable under the following conditions: the removal of the TIPDSi group with triethylammonium fluoride and the dimethoxytritylation of the 5''-hydroxyl function. The 5''-H-phosphonate of Nr precursors was easily transformed to the corresponding dicyanoethyl 5''-O-phosphotriesters before phosphitylation, which gave 3'-phosphoramidite units of Nr(p) in high yield. The derived phosphoramidite units were used in an automated oligonucleotide synthesizer to produce dimer Ar(p)T via the phosphoramidite approach. The obtained products were fully deprotected under standard deprotection conditions giving dimers with a 5''-phosphate monoester function. Application of an alkaline phosphatase to prove the presence of an additional phosphate group was described.
    Molecules 12/2013; 18(12):14780-96. DOI:10.3390/molecules181214780 · 2.10 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 2'-O-[(2-Bromoethoxy)methyl]cytidine and 2'-O-[(2-azidoethoxy)methyl]cytidine have been prepared and introduced as appropriately protected 3'-phosphoramidite (1) and 3'-(H-phosphonate) (2) building blocks, respectively, into 2'-O-methyl oligoribonucleotides. The support-bound oligonucleotides were subjected to two consecutive conjugations with alkynyl-functionalized monosaccharides. The first saccharide was introduced by a Cu(I) promoted click reaction with 2 and the second by azidation of the 2-bromoethoxy group of 1 followed by the click reaction. The influence of the 2'-glycoconjugations on hybridization with DNA and 2'-O-methyl RNA targets was studied. Two saccharide units within a 15-mer oligonucleotide had a barely noticeable effect on the duplex stability, while introduction of a third one moderately decreased the melting temperature.
    Bioconjugate Chemistry 06/2011; 22(6):1249-55. DOI:10.1021/bc200097g · 4.82 Impact Factor