Article

Nurses' implementation of guidelines for ventilator-associated pneumonia from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The School of Nursing, University of Texas at Arlington, TX 76109-0407, USA.
American Journal of Critical Care (Impact Factor: 1.6). 02/2007; 16(1):28-36; discussion 37; quiz 38.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ventilator-associated pneumonia accounts for 47% of infections in patients in intensive care units. Adherence to the best nursing practices recommended in the 2003 guidelines for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention should reduce the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
To evaluate the extent to which nurses working in intensive care units implement best practices when managing adult patients receiving mechanical ventilation.
Nurses attending education seminars in the United States completed a 29-item questionnaire about the type and frequency of care provided.
Twelve hundred nurses completed the questionnaire. Most (82%) reported compliance with hand-washing guidelines, 75% reported wearing gloves, half reported elevating the head of the bed, a third reported performing subglottic suctioning, and half reported having an oral care protocol in their hospital. Nurses in hospitals with an oral care protocol reported better compliance with hand washing and maintaining head-of-bed elevation, were more likely to regularly provide oral care, and were more familiar with rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia and the organisms involved than were nurses working in hospitals without such protocols.
The guidelines for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are not consistently or uniformly implemented. Practices of nurses employed in hospitals with oral care protocols are more often congruent with the guidelines than are practices of nurses employed in hospitals without such protocols. Significant reductions in rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia may be achieved by broader implementation of oral care protocols.

6 Bookmarks
 · 
463 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several studies showed that the implementation of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) ventilator bundle alone or with other preventive measures are associated with reducing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) rates. However, the association with ventilator utilization was rarely examined and the findings were conflicting. The objectives were to validate the bundle association with VAP rate in a traditionally high VAP environment and to examine its association with ventilator utilization.
    Annals of Thoracic Medicine 01/2014; 9(4):221-226. · 1.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A ventilação mecânica invasiva representa um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento da pneumonia associada ao ventilador (PAV), que se desenvolve 48 horas ou mais após a admissão hospitalar, em doentes ventilados através de traqueostomia ou intubação endotraqueal. A PAV é a infeção adquirida na unidade de cuidados intensivos (UCI) mais frequente entre os doentes submetidos a ventilação mecânica invasiva. Contribui para o aumento da mortalidade hospitalar, da duração da ventilação mecânica e do tempo de internamento na UCI e no hospital. Por conseguinte, agrava o estado de saúde do doente crítico e aumenta o custo total da hospitalização. A adoção de medidas preventivas é imprescindível, de modo a garantir o controlo e a diminuição da incidência da PAV. As medidas preventivas incidem sobre os fatores de risco modificáveis, sendo aplicadas estratégias não farmacológicas e farmacológicas baseadas na evidência e recomendadas por guidelines. As medidas preventivas têm como finalidade diminuir o risco associado à intubação endotraqueal e prevenir a microaspiração de microrganismos patogénicos para as vias aéreas inferiores.
    Revista portuguesa de pneumologia 05/2014; · 0.86 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many patients with severe traumatic injuries are admitted to intensive care units (ICU). These patients usually require prolonged mechanical ventilation. These interventions require oral intubation and leave the mouth open which consequently impairs the natural antimicrobial activity in the mouth and airways. These patients are also prone to ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Evidence shows that paying attention to oral hygiene in patients under mechanical ventilation is important in helping to prevent VAP.
    Trauma monthly. 04/2014; 19(2):e15110.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
1,586 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014