A Filipino Patient With Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes Care (Impact Factor: 8.42). 04/2004; 27(3):842-3. DOI: 10.2337/diacare.27.3.842
Source: PubMed
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    • "However, epidemiological study of FT1DM is lacking in other Asian populations and its incidence and pathogenesis remain to be elucidated. While a search for FT1DM was reported to be negative in the Caucasian population, case reports on FT1DM had surfaced in different ethnic groups, predominantly from Asian origins (Jung et al., 2004; Taniyama et al., 2004; Moreau et al., 2008). However, the causative mechanism of FT1DM is currently unknown. "

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical characteristics and different status of islet autoantibodies of rapid-onset type 1 diabetes in China with elevated serum pancreatic enzymes. In accordance with the criteria Imagawa reported, 40 cases of acute-onset type 1 diabetics with ketosis or ketoacidosis were selected and 4 fell into the criteria of rapid-onset type 1 diabetes. Compared the clinical characteristics between fulminant (group F, n = 4) and nonfulminant (group NF, n = 36) type 1 diabetics. Same parameters were compared between the patients with diabetic symptoms within 1 week (group A, n = 11) and those beyond 1week (group B, n = 29). The percentage of elevated serum amylase were compared between patients with and without severe ketoacidosis. Islet autoantibodies, including glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GAD-Ab), protein tyrosine phosphatase antibody (IA-2Ab) and insulin autoantibody (IAA),, were detected by radioligand assays. We found 4 cases of rapid-onset type 1 diabetes in Chinese, accounted for 10% of acute-onset type 1 diabetes. Among 4 rapid-onset type 1 diabetics, 2 patients detected GAD-Ab positive. Patients with duration of diabetic symptoms within 1 week (group A) were found all with severe ketoacidosis and 10 of 11 patients were found serum amylase elevated and this group appeared higher blood glucose, lower PH and CO(2)CP, nearly normal HbA(1c) and more severe ketoacidosis, more patients with elevated amylase (P < 0.05) than those with duration of symptoms more than 1 week (group B). Patients with severe ketoacidosis (n = 20) owned higher percentage of elevated serum amylase than those with mild or moderate ketoacidosis (n = 20) (60% vs 20%, P < 0.05). (1) Rapid-onset type 1 diabetes cases are also observed in China. (2) Rapid-onset type 1 diabetes may be a group of syndromes with different etiology which immune and non-immune factors may both involved in. (3) Elevated pancreatic enzymes are not specific markers for rapid-onset type 1 diabetes, it may result from severe ketoacidosis and metabolic derangements.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2005; 85(14):967-71.
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