Relative merits of M-mode echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging for prediction of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with heart failure secondary to ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
ABSTRACT M-mode echocardiography (using the septal-to-posterior wall motion delay [SPWMD]) and color-coded tissue Doppler imaging (TDI; using the septal-to-lateral delay in peak systolic velocity) have been proposed for assessment of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and prediction of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In this study, a head-to-head comparison between M-mode echocardiography and color-coded TDI was performed for assessment of LV dyssynchrony and prediction of response to CRT. Consecutive (n = 98) patients with severe heart failure (New York Heart Association class III/IV), LV ejection fraction < or =35%, and QRS duration >120 ms underwent CRT. Before pacemaker implantation, LV dyssynchrony was assessed by M-mode echocardiography (SPWMD) and color-coded TDI (septal-to-lateral delay). At baseline and 6 months after implantation, clinical and echocardiographic parameters were evaluated. SPWMD measurement was not feasible in 41% of patients due to akinesia of the septal and/or posterior walls or poor acoustic windows. Conversely, the septal-to-lateral delay could be assessed in 96% of patients. At 6-month follow-up, 75 patients (77%) were classified as responders to CRT (improvement > or =1 New York Heart Association class). The sensitivity and specificity of SPWMD were lower compared with those of septal-to-lateral delay (66% vs 90%, p <0.05; 50% vs 82%, p = NS, respectively). In conclusion, LV dyssynchrony assessment was feasible in 59% of patients with M-mode echocardiography compared with 96% (p <0.05) when color-coded TDI was used. Color-coded TDI was superior to M-mode echocardiography for prediction of response to CRT.
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ABSTRACT: Background To determine an appropriate M-mode method in assessing left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in left bundle branch block (LBBB), and to assess feasibility of the method to predict cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) responses. Methods and results Fifty-one patients with LBBB were enrolled. Among them 31 patients underwent CRT. In addition to original septal to posterior wall motion delay (SPWMD), first peak-SPWMD was proposed as time of difference between the first septal displacement and the maximum displacement of the posterior. If an early septal point was not present, anatomical M-mode was used to visualize an early septal displacement spreading scan-area until inferoseptal wall. CRT responders were defined as LV end-systolic volume reduction (>15%) at 6 months after CRT. Twenty patients (65%) were identified as CRT responders. First peak-SPWMD in responders was significantly higher than those in nonresponders, although SPWMD did not differ between groups. Strong predicting ability of first peak-SPWMD was revealed (first peak-SPWMD: 80/90/83%; SPWMD: 35/100/58%), and area under the curve in receiver operating characteristic analysis of first peak-SPWMD (0.88) was significantly higher than that of SPWMD (0.61) (p < 0.05). Conclusion In patients with LBBB, time differences between early septal and delayed displacement of posterolateral wall on M-mode images were the appropriate dyssynchrony parameter, and could improve the predictive ability for CRT responses.Journal of Cardiology 09/2014; 64(3-4). DOI:10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.12.013 · 2.57 Impact Factor
Journal of Cardiac Failure 10/2014; 20(10):S166. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.07.203 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony is a causal factor in LV dysfunction and thought to be associated with LV twisting motion. We tested whether three-dimensional speckle tracking (3DT) can be used to evaluate the relationship between LV twisting motion and dyssynchrony. We examined 25 patients with sick sinus syndrome who had received dual chamber pacemakers. The acute effects of ventricular pacing on LV wall motion after the switch from atrial to ventricular pacing were assessed. LV twisting motion and dyssynchrony during each pacing mode were measured using 3DT. LV dyssynchrony was calculated from the time to the minimum peak systolic area strain of 16 LV imaging segments. Ventricular pacing increased LV dyssynchrony and decreased twist and torsion. A significant correlation was observed between changes in LV dyssynchrony and changes in torsion (r = -0.65, p < 0.01). Evaluation of LV twisting motion can potentially be used for diagnosing LV dyssynchrony.