Article

Relative Merits of M-Mode Echocardiography and Tissue Doppler Imaging for Prediction of Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Heart Failure Secondary to Ischemic or Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Leiden University, Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
The American Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 3.43). 02/2007; 99(1):68-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2006.07.068
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT M-mode echocardiography (using the septal-to-posterior wall motion delay [SPWMD]) and color-coded tissue Doppler imaging (TDI; using the septal-to-lateral delay in peak systolic velocity) have been proposed for assessment of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and prediction of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In this study, a head-to-head comparison between M-mode echocardiography and color-coded TDI was performed for assessment of LV dyssynchrony and prediction of response to CRT. Consecutive (n = 98) patients with severe heart failure (New York Heart Association class III/IV), LV ejection fraction < or =35%, and QRS duration >120 ms underwent CRT. Before pacemaker implantation, LV dyssynchrony was assessed by M-mode echocardiography (SPWMD) and color-coded TDI (septal-to-lateral delay). At baseline and 6 months after implantation, clinical and echocardiographic parameters were evaluated. SPWMD measurement was not feasible in 41% of patients due to akinesia of the septal and/or posterior walls or poor acoustic windows. Conversely, the septal-to-lateral delay could be assessed in 96% of patients. At 6-month follow-up, 75 patients (77%) were classified as responders to CRT (improvement > or =1 New York Heart Association class). The sensitivity and specificity of SPWMD were lower compared with those of septal-to-lateral delay (66% vs 90%, p <0.05; 50% vs 82%, p = NS, respectively). In conclusion, LV dyssynchrony assessment was feasible in 59% of patients with M-mode echocardiography compared with 96% (p <0.05) when color-coded TDI was used. Color-coded TDI was superior to M-mode echocardiography for prediction of response to CRT.

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    • "M-mode based methodology to assess intra-LV dyssynchrony was not evaluated because it was previously demonstrated that such a method is feasible in approximately 60% of the candidates to cardio-resynchronization therapy [17] [28]. By PW-TDI, myocardial-systolic-wave (S) was identified with reference to the QRS as the first positive wave peaking after aortic valve opening using LV pre-ejection time for reference . "
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