Comparison of the intakes of sugars by young children with and without dental caries experience
ABSTRACT Relationships among sugars and dental caries in contemporary societies are unclear. The authors describe young children's intakes of nonmilk extrinsic (NME) and intrinsic/milk sugars and relate those intakes to dental caries.
The authors conducted cross-sectional analyses of dietary data collected from the Iowa Fluoride Study using three-day diaries for subjects at ages 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years and for subjects aged 1 through 5 years according to dental caries experience at 4.5 to 6.9 years of age. They categorized foods and beverages as containing NME or intrinsic/milk sugars.
Subjects' total, NME, food NME and intrinsic/milk sugars intakes at ages studied did not differ between subjects with and without caries experience. Beverage NME sugars intakes at age 3 years predicted caries (P < .05) in logistic regression models adjusted for age at dental examination and for fluoride intake.
Dental caries is a complex, multifactorial disease process dependent on the presence of oral bacteria, a fermentable carbohydrate substrate and host enamel. A simple NME-intrinsic/milk sugars categorization appears insufficient to capture the complex dietary component of the caries process.
Cariogenicity is more likely a function of the food and/or beverage vehicle delivering the sugar and the nature of exposure-that is, frequency and length of eating events-than of the sugar's categorization.
SourceAvailable from: Mariela Perez-D[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to relate the frequency of consumption of cariogenic foods with dental caries prevalence in 95 school children between 5 -14 years old, male and female, from a low socioeconomic urban area from Valencia, Venezuela. A food frequency questionnaire and dmft and DMFT caries indices were used. It was applied student t-test, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman correlation and multiple linear regression analysis. Foods were consumed daily, weekly and anytime. Dmft index (3,88±3,2) and DMFT (1,79±2,6) with a significant difference by age in both indices. There was no significant difference by gender both variables. Dmft had a statistically significant negative correlation with age and soft drinks and positive DMFT, age and sweet candies. Multiple linear regression analysis showed possible risk factors of caries in the early dentition: age and soft drinks with significant linear relationship (r2: 0,378; p: 0,000) and permanent dentition, age and consumption sweet candies (r2: 0,225; p: 0,000), demonstrating also a significant linear relationship. Results show a high cariogenic food intake in children, which could influence the development of dental caries. Strategies should be implemented nutritional education at school level for to control of consumption of sweets and candies and guide parents about a healthy diet for children. KEY WORDS: Cariogenic foods; food frequency consumption; dental caries; schoolchildrenActa odontológica venezolana 04/2013; 51(2):1.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this review is to integrate current knowledge of pediatric procedure pain to develop a conceptual framework of good, clinical pediatric pain practice that can be used to improve the processes and outcomes of the clinical management of pediatric procedure pain in dentistry. This argues that targeting behavior confounds the assessment-intervention dynamic of pain management.CDA journal California Dental Association 10/2009; 37(10):719-722.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives : This study aimed to explore the influence of food intake and oral health behaviors on dental caries in juveniles. Methods : A total of 2,129 juveniles completed a questionnaire survey to identify the presence of permanent teeth caries, behaviors relevant to oral health and food intake based on the fourth National Health and Nutrition Survey. Results : Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that higher occasions of intake of carbonated drinks significantly cased dental caries in the meanwhile oral health behavior and the number of toothbrushing was in reverse proportion to dntal caries. The risk of dental caries was higher in the group of lower frequency of toothbrushing and intake of carbonated drink. Conclusions : Carbonated drinks intake and the number of toothbrushing is closely related to dental caries. So it is very important to develop oral health education program in order to improve eating habits and toothbrushing habits in juveniles.06/2013; 13(3). DOI:10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.3.419