Gait analysis of patients with resurfacing hip arthroplasty compared with hip osteoarthritis and standard total hip arthroplasty.
ABSTRACT Patients with standard total hip arthroplasties may have reduced hip abduction and extension moments when compared with normal nonosteoarthritic hips. In comparison, patients after resurfacing total hip arthroplasty appear to have a near-normal gait. The authors evaluated temporal-spatial parameters, hip kinematics, and kinetics in hip resurfacing patients compared with patients with unilateral osteoarthritic hips and unilateral standard total hip arthroplasties. Patients with resurfacing walked faster (average 1.26 m/s) and were comparable with normals. There were no significant differences in hip abductor and extensor moments of patients with resurfacing compared with patients in the standard hip arthroplasty group. This study showed more normal hip kinematics and functionality in resurfacing hip arthroplasty, which may be due to the large femoral head.
Article: Primary metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty with large-diameter femoral heads: a clinical trial of 59 hips.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Large-diameter femoral heads with nearly anatomical sizes became available for metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty after recent advances in metal-on-metal technology. We retrospectively studied the clinical and radiological results in 59 hips of 54 patients (32 women and 22 men, mean age 54.4 years) who underwent cementless metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty with large-diameter heads. Patients were followed for a mean of 48.6 months. Range of motion improved significantly after surgery (p = 0.001). Harris hip scores improved from 38.5 points to 903 points at latest follow-up. We found no gender-related differences in Harris hip scores, whereas there was a correlation between age and Harris hip scores (p < 0.001), with excellent results being observed predominantly in younger patients. Mean acetabular inclination of the acetabular cup was 42.2 degrees (range: 37-51 degrees). Radiologically, a 1 mm thick radiolucency was detected in three acetabula, which were asymptomatic. One acetabulum was revised because of displacement. Three patients reported squeaking within their hips, which however disappeared in a short time. We did not observe any dislocation, deep infection or loosening. Grade 1 heterotopic ossification was detected in one hip. Although the inherent stability and the functional results of large anatomical heads are encouraging, longer follow-up data and larger series are essential to evaluate the real advantages of this type of prosthesis over conventional femoral heads.Acta orthopaedica Belgica 12/2010; 76(6):758-65. · 0.40 Impact Factor
Article: Center of Mass Compensation during Gait in Hip Arthroplasty Patients: Comparison between Large Diameter Head Total Hip Arthroplasty and Hip Resurfacing.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective. To compare center of mass (COM) compensation in the frontal and sagittal plane during gait in patients with large diameter head total hip arthroplasty (LDH-THA) and hip resurfacing (HR). Design. Observational study. Setting. Outpatient biomechanical laboratory. Participants. Two groups of 12 patients with LDH-THA and HR recruited from a larger randomized study and 11 healthy controls. Interventions. Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures. To compare the distance between the hip prosthetic joint center (HPJC) and the COM. The ratio (R(HPJC-COM)) and the variability (CV(HPJC-COM)) were compared between groups. Hip flexor, abductor, and adductor muscle strength was also correlated between groups while radiographic measurements were correlated with the outcome measures. Results. In the frontal plane, HR shows less variability than healthy controls at push-off and toe-off and R(HPJC-COM) is correlated with the muscle strength ratios (FR(ABD)) at heel contact, maximal weight acceptance, and mid stance. In the sagittal plane, LDH-THA has a higher R(HPJC-COM) than healthy controls at push-off, and CV(HPJC-COM) is significantly correlated with FR(FLEX). Conclusions. One year after surgery, both groups of patients, LDH-THA and HR, demonstrate minor compensations at some specific instant of the gait cycle, in both frontal and sagittal planes. However, their locomotion pattern is similar to the healthy controls.Rehabilitation research and practice. 01/2011; 2011:586412.
Article: Curved-stem Hip Resurfacing[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hip resurfacing is an attractive concept because it preserves rather than removes the femoral head and neck. Most early designs had high failure rates, but one unique design had a femoral stem. Because that particular device appeared to have better implant survival, this study assessed the clinical outcome and long-term survivorship of a hip resurfacing prosthesis. Four hundred forty-five patients (561 hips) were retrospectively reviewed after a minimum of 20years’ followup or until death; 23 additional patients were lost to followup. Patients received a metal femoral prosthesis with a small curved stem. Three types of acetabular reconstructions were used: (1) cemented polyurethane; (2) metal-on-metal; and (3) polyethylene secured with cement or used as the liner of a two-piece porous-coated implant. Long-term results were favorable with the metal-on-metal combination only. The mean overall Harris hip score was 92 at 2years of followup. None of the 121 patients (133 hips) who received metal-on-metal articulation experienced failure. The failure rate with polyurethane was 100%, and the failure rate with cemented polyethylene was 41%. Hip resurfacing with a curved-stem femoral component had a durable clinical outcome when a metal-on-metal articulation was used. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 04/2012; 466(5):1177-1185. · 2.53 Impact Factor