Evidence-based practice in nursing: bridging the gap between research and practice.

Hirsh Institute for Evidence-Based Practice, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Journal of Pediatric Health Care (Impact Factor: 1.97). 01/2007; 21(1):53-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2006.10.003
Source: PubMed
Download full-text


Available from: Linda Lewin, Aug 06, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite considerable efforts to increase patient safety by supporting the use of best practice medical and nursing guidelines by healthcare staff, adherence is often suboptimal. Swedish nurses often deviate from venous blood specimen collection (VBSC) guideline adherence. We assessed the adherence to national VBSC guidelines among senior nursing students. We conducted a cross-sectional, self-reported questionnaire survey among 101 out of 177 senior nursing students consisting of web-based students in their fifth semester and campus-based students in their fifth or sixth semester out of six. In regard to the VBSC procedures, we asked about adherence to the patient identification, test request handling, and test tube labelling protocols that the students had learned during their second semester and practiced thereafter. Guideline adherence to patient identification was reported by 81%, test request handling by 74%, and test tube labelling by 2% of the students. Students with no prior healthcare education reported to a higher extent that they operated within the guidelines regarding labelling the test tube before entering the patient's room compared to students with prior healthcare education. Using multiple logistic regression analysis, we found that fifth semester web-based program students adhered better to VBSC guidelines regarding comparing patient ID/test request/tube label compared to campus-based students. Senior nursing students were found to adhere to VBSC guidelines to a similar extent as registered nurses and other hospital ward staff in clinical healthcare. Thus student adherence to VBSC guidelines had deteriorated since their basic training in the second semester, and this can impact patient safety during university/clinical studies. The results of our study have implications for nursing practice education.
    Nurse education today 07/2013; 34(2). DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2013.06.018 · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Translating evidence into clinical practice is a complex process that depends on the availability of evidence, the environment into which the research evidence is translated, and the system that facilitates the translation. This paper presents InfoBot, a system designed for automatic delivery of patient-specific information from evidence-based resources. A prototype system has been implemented to support development of individualized patient care plans. The prototype explores possibilities to automatically extract patients problems from the interdisciplinary team notes and query evidence-based resources using the extracted terms. Using 4,335 de-identified interdisciplinary team notes for 525 patients, the system automatically extracted biomedical terminology from 4,219 notes and linked resources to 260 patient records. Sixty of those records (15 each for Pediatrics, Oncology & Hematology, Medical & Surgical, and Behavioral Health units) have been selected for an ongoing evaluation of the quality of automatically proactively delivered evidence and its usefulness in development of care plans.
    AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings / AMIA Symposium. AMIA Symposium 01/2008;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: As the number of older adults in Thailand continues to increase, along with increased incidence of surgical intervention that causes pain, the quality of pain care in older adults is needed. Nurses are primarily responsible for assessing and managing pain in older adults (Jose Closs, 2008; Prowse, 2007). The use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) improves quality of care and saves healthcare cost. However, in Thailand where empirical study of using EBP related to pain in older adults is limited, research to understand how Thai nurses use EBP acute pain in older adults is needed.Purpose:The purpose of this study is to describe current practices, perceived barriers and perceived facilitators of Thai nurses on using EBP for assessing and managing acute pain in postoperative older adults.Method:A descriptive exploratory survey was conducted in 8 mid and large-size hospitals in Thailand. The Acute Pain EBP Questionnaire (APEBPQ) (Suwanraj, 2009) was distributed to 240 Thai nurses. 236 questionnaires were returned with the response rate of 98.3 percent. Open-ended questions related to barriers and facilitators of using EBPs were coded to identify major themes. MANOVA was performed to explore the differences between years of nursing experience on perceived barriers and facilitatorsResultsThe majority of participants are female (96.8%) with mean age 35.5 years (range=23-54). Thai nurses reported using 51/53 recommendations from EBPG Acute Pain most of the time/always (95%). Using an equianalgesic table (1.80±1.16) and assessing MMSE in older adults with postoperative pain (1.74±1.15) were occasionally used. Research reports published in English was the greatest barriers. Nurses perceived greatest support from a Head ward than other colleagues. Nurses with 11-20 years of nursing experience had higher reported barriers than those with 1-10 years of nursing experience.Practice Implications: This study will provide important information on barriers and facilitators of using EBPs related to pain assessment and pain management in Thailand. The results of the study will be used to develop strategies to promote the use of EBPs acute pain among Thai nurses who provide nursing care for postoperative older adults.