Pre-B-cell leukemia transcription factor 1 regulates expression of valosin-containing protein, a gene involved in cancer growth.
ABSTRACT Valosin-containing protein (VCP) is involved in a wide variety of cellular functions. Our previous studies showed that the enhanced expression of VCP in cancer cells correlated with invasion and metastasis of cancers. Here, the regulatory mechanism for VCP transcription was investigated. Luciferase reporter constructs containing serially deleted 5'-flanking region of the VCP gene were transfected into MCF7 mammary carcinoma cell line, in which VCP was abundantly expressed. The deletion and mutation at the two binding motifs for pre-B-cell leukemia transcription factor 1 (PBX1) reduced the luciferase activity, indicating that these two PBX1 motifs mediated the transactivation of the VCP gene. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed the binding of PBX-1 to the 5'-flanking region of the VCP gene. The knockdown of PBX1 by siRNA decreased the expression level of VCP. VCP is reported to maintain cell viability after the treatment of tumor necrosis factor-alpha. The viability of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-treated cells was significantly reduced in PBX1 knockdown MCF7. These findings indicate that PBX1 plays a crucial role in VCP expression and function and that the PBX-VCP pathway might be important for cell survival under cytokine stress.
Article: Effects of visual information and task constraints on intersegmental coordination in playground swinging.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The authors investigated how and to what extent visual information and associated task constraints are negotiated in the coordinative structure of playground swinging. Participants (N = 20) were invited to pump a swing from rest to a prescribed maximal amplitude under 4 conditions: normal vision, no vision, and 2 visual conditions involving explicit phasing constraints. In the latter conditions, participants were presented with a flow pattern consisting of a periodically expanding and contracting optical structure. They were instructed to phase the swing motion so that the forward turning point coincided with either the maximal size (enhanced optical flow) or the minimal size (reduced optical flow) of the presented flow pattern. Removal of visual information clearly influenced the swinging behavior, in that intersegmental coordination became more stereotyped, reflecting a general stiffening of the swinger. The conditions involving explicit phasing requirements also affected the coordination, but in an opposite way: The coordination became less stereotyped. The two phasing instructions had differential effects: The intersegmental coordination deviated more from normal swinging (i.e., without phasing constraints) when optical flow was enhanced than when it was reduced. Collectively, those findings show that visual information plays a formative role in the coordinative structure of swinging, in that variations of visual information and task constraints were accompanied by subtle yet noticeable changes in intersegmental coordination.Journal of Motor Behavior 04/2003; 35(1):64-78. · 1.64 Impact Factor