Acinic cell carcinoma of the breast is an uncommon neoplasm. Since the first case of this rare variant of breast carcinoma was reported in 1996, only 10 cases have been reported in the English-language literature. Reported herein is the first case of primary acinic cell carcinoma of the breast in a Japanese woman. To the naked eye, the tumor appeared well circumscribed and the cut surface was grayish-pink and hemorrhaging. Microscopically, the tumor was predominantly made up of a monotonous proliferation of cells with a finely granular cytoplasm, resembling acinic cells of the parotid gland. Some neoplastic cells had a clear cytoplasm. In spite of extensive sampling, no common histological patterns of breast carcinoma such as in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma were recognized in the present case, indicating that the present case was pure acinic cell carcinoma. In addition, the immunohistochemical profile of this tumor was identical to that of the acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland: estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER2 and cytokeratin (CK)20 were negative and amylase and CK7 were positive. The patient has been well for 22 months since the wide local excision of the tumor and no signs of salivary neoplasm are evident to date.
"Several studies have discussed the usefulness of diagnostic imagings for ACC, although their findings have sometimes differed [1, 2, 8–10]. For example, mammography showed a well-defined mass in some cases [1, 8, 10] but no abnormal findings in another . Ultrasonography revealed an intracystic tumor in only male patient yet described . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acinic cell carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare, malignant neoplasm characterized by widespread acinar cell-like differentiation and clinically low-grade malignancy. Herein, we report a case of acinic cell carcinoma of the breast in a 41-year-old woman. The tumor was poorly demarcated but had a firm consistency. It was removed with lumpectomy, and sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed to check for metastasis. Microscopically, the tumor showed an infiltrative growth pattern with a combination of solid, trabecular, and microglandular areas. Many of the tumor cells had abundant clear vacuolated cytoplasm containing zymogen-typed granules which resemble acinar cells of the salivary glands. The immunohistochemical profile of the tumor was also similar to that of salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma: the tumor cells were positive for amylase, lysozyme, α -1-antichymotrypsin, S-100 protein, and epithelial membrane antigen and negative for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. She received postoperative chemoradiation therapy and has been well for 3 years since surgery. As studies on large series are lacking, further studies are needed to elucidate the biological characteristics of acinic cell carcinoma of the breast.
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine 09/2013; 2013:372947. DOI:10.1155/2013/372947
"The results of immunohistochemical analysis were in accordance with previous reports and confirmed the diagnosis of ACC [11-19]. In addition, the tumor exhibited a TN phenotype, in agreement with four out of the five previous reports of ACCs of the breast for which the results of ER, PgR and HER2 stains were available [13,15,17-19]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of malignant tubular acinar exocrine gland structures. Diagnosis is generally made in salivary glands and in the pancreas. ACC of the breast has been reported in few cases only. Carriers of inherited mutations in the BRCA1 gene are prone to the development of breast cancer, mainly invasive ductal or medullary type carcinomas. We describe for the first time a BRCA1 mutation carrier with a diagnosis of ACC of the breast.
The patient developed an invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) at the age of 40 years and an ACC in the contralateral breast at 44 years. Immunohistochemical examination of the ACC revealed a triple negative status (i.e., negativity for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and HER2 protein) and positivity for p53. Using a combination of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and sequencing analyses, the loss of the wild-type BRCA1 allele was detected in both the ACC and the IDC. In addition, two different somatic TP53 mutations, one in the ACC only and another one in the IDC only, were observed.
Both the immunohistochemical and molecular features observed in the ACC are typical of BRCA1-associated breast cancers and suggest an involvement of the patient’s germline mutation in the disease. The occurrence of rare histological types of breast cancers, including malignant phyllodes tumor, atypical medullary carcinoma and metaplastic carcinoma, in BRCA1 mutation carriers has been already reported. Our findings further broaden the spectrum of BRCA1-associated breast malignancies.
BMC Cancer 02/2013; 13(1):46. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-13-46 · 3.36 Impact Factor
"inflammation and tumors [7-9], exhibit antibacterial effects [10,11], and have been detected in the mammary gland , breast milk , vaginal secret , and many other tissues , but the function there is mostly unknown. α-Amylase has also been determined in lung tumors [16,17] and in a rare type of breast tumors [18,19]. The expression of the different α-amylases is tissue-specific; salivary α-amylase is the predominant α-amylase in the mammary gland . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers in females, frequently with fatal outcome, so that new strategies for modulating cell proliferation in the mammary tissue are urgently needed. There is some, as yet inconclusive evidence that α-amylase may constitute a novel candidate for affecting cellular growth.
The present investigation aimed to examine if salivary α-amylase, an enzyme well known for the metabolism of starch and recently introduced as a stress marker, is able to exert antiproliferative effects on the growth of mammary gland epithelial cells. For this purpose, primary epithelial cultures of breast tissue from two different inbred rat strains, Fischer 344 (F344) and Lewis, as well as breast tumor cells of human origin were used. Treatment with human salivary α-amylase was performed once daily for 2 days followed by cell counting (trypan blue assay) to determine alterations in cell numbers. Cell senescence after α-amylase treatment was assessed by β-galactosidase assay. Endogenous α-amylase was detected in cells from F344 and Lewis by immunofluorescence.
Salivary α-amylase treatment in vitro significantly decreased the proliferation of primary cells from F344 and Lewis rats in a concentration-dependent manner. Noticeably, the sensitivity towards α-amylase was significantly higher in Lewis cells with stronger impact on cell growth after 5 and 50 U/ml compared to F344 cells. An antiproliferative effect of α-amylase was also determined in mammary tumor cells of human origin, but this effect varied depending on the donor, age, and type of the cells.
The results presented here indicate for the first time that salivary α-amylase affects cell growth in rat mammary epithelial cells and in breast tumor cells of human origin. Thus, α-amylase may be considered a novel, promising target for balancing cellular growth, which may provide an interesting tool for tumor prophylaxis and treatment.
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 10/2011; 30(1):102. DOI:10.1186/1756-9966-30-102 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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