Evaluation of pituitary macroadenomas with multidetector-row CT (MDCT): comparison with MR imaging.
ABSTRACT It is important to have information on cavernous sinus extension and bony destruction in pituitary macroadenomas before surgery, but magnetic resonance (MR) imaging cannot always depict them. In the present study we sought to determine whether multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) could provide preoperative information in addition to that provided by MR imaging in pituitary macroadenoma.
The subjects comprised 33 consecutive patients (15 women, 18 men; mean age 50 years) with surgically proven macroadenoma. For MDCT, using the soft-tissue window and bone window, three orthogonal multiplanar reconstruction images were generated from venous-phase contrast-enhanced 0.5-mm isotropic voxel data. MDCT and MR images were evaluated with regard to: (1) clarity of tumor margins; (2) identification of the normal pituitary gland; (3) identification of erosion or destruction of the sellar floor; and (4) visualization of the adjacent optic pathways.
MDCT more clearly demonstrated the lateral tumor margin than MR imaging (P = 0.002). No significant differences in visualization of the normal pituitary gland were noted between MDCT and dynamic MR imaging (P = 0.7). MDCT more clearly demonstrated sellar floor erosion or destruction at the sphenoid sinus than MR imaging (P < 0.001). MR imaging was superior to MDCT for visualizing the adjacent optic pathways (P < 0.001).
MDCT is superior to MR imaging for assessing lateral tumor margin and the sellar floor at the sphenoid sinus. MDCT offers useful preoperative information in addition to that obtained from MR imaging.