Light in tiny holes.

ISIS, Université Louis Pasteur and CNRS (UMR7006), 8 allée G. Monge, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
Nature (Impact Factor: 38.6). 02/2007; 445(7123):39-46. DOI:10.1038/nature05350
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The presence of tiny holes in an opaque metal film, with sizes smaller than the wavelength of incident light, leads to a wide variety of unexpected optical properties such as strongly enhanced transmission of light through the holes and wavelength filtering. These intriguing effects are now known to be due to the interaction of the light with electronic resonances in the surface of the metal film, and they can be controlled by adjusting the size and geometry of the holes. This knowledge is opening up exciting new opportunities in applications ranging from subwavelength optics and optoelectronics to chemical sensing and biophysics.

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