Gender Differences in Publication Output: Towards an Unbiased Metric of Research Performance

Department of Zoology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.53). 02/2006; 1(1):e127. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000127
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We examined the publication records of a cohort of 168 life scientists in the field of ecology and evolutionary biology to assess gender differences in research performance. Clear discrepancies in publication rate between men and women appear very early in their careers and this has consequences for the subsequent citation of their work. We show that a recently proposed index designed to rank scientists fairly is in fact strongly biased against female researchers, and advocate a modified index to assess men and women on a more equitable basis.

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Available from: Mark A Elgar, Jul 07, 2015
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    • "If true, this might easily translate into a reluctance to publish thus reducing publication output (a highly valued metric of productivity and often researcher quality) even from an early career stage. Such risk aversion may provide one explanation for the 'productivity puzzle' identified across so many fields of academia (Xie & Shauman, 1998; Symonds et al., 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: Women continue to be under-represented in the sciences, with their representation declining at each progressive academic level. These differences persist despite longrunning policies to ameliorate gender inequity. We compared gender differences in exposure and visibility at an evolutionary biology conference for attendees at two different academic levels: student and post-PhD academic. Despite there being almost exactly a 1:1 ratio of women and men attending the conference, we found that when considering only those who presented talks, women spoke for far less time than men of an equivalent academic level: on average student women presented for 23% less time than student men, and academic women presented for 17% less time than academic men.We conducted more detailed analyses to tease apart whether this gender difference was caused by decisions made by the attendees or through bias in evaluation of the abstracts. At both academic levels, women and men were equally likely to request a presentation.However, women were more likely than men to prefer a short talk, regardless of academic level. We discuss potential underlying reasons for this gender bias, and provide recommendations to avoid similar gender biases at future conferences. Subjects
    10/2014; 2:e627. DOI:10.7717/peerj.627
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    • "basic sciences, engineering, technology and mathematics which women faintly participate in. However, research results are different and even contradictory regarding the impact of female and male researchers (Leta and Lewison 2003; Borrego et al. 2008; Long 1992; Symonds et al. 2006; Håkanson 2005; Mauleón and Bordons 2006). Women's scientific contribution to Nano Science & Technology (Nano S&T) being unstudied so far, it is unclear how female Nano-specialists achieve in their scientific competition. "
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    ABSTRACT: Although, women’s contribution to science is crucial to social development, gender difference has been for a long time affecting the quantity and quality of scholarly activity. In spite of some improvements, women are still suffering from gender gap and biases in science world. Using a scientometric method with a comparative approach, the present communication aims to study women performance in Nano Science & Technology in terms of their scientific productivity and impact and to contrast them to their male counterparts. The significance of the study relies on the importance of a balanced development of human society in general and in different scientific milieus in specific. According to the research results, although female Nano-researchers are scarce in number, they equally perform in terms of scientific productions and impacts. That may imply gender egalitarianism in the field.
    Scientometrics 01/2014; 98(1). DOI:10.1007/s11192-013-1031-7 · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    • "En otro estudio enfocado a los investigadores del csic, España, en ciencia de los materiales, Mauleón y Bordons (2006) concluyen que los hombres son más productivos que las mujeres, y que estas diferencias no se vinculan con la categoría profesional, sino con la edad. Symonds et al. (2006) encuentran que en ecología y biología de la evolución los hombres publican más artículos que las mujeres, y que las mayores diferencias aparecen luego de los dos años de su primera publicación, periodo que coincide con la finalización de la tesis doctoral o el comienzo de un postdoctorado. Torres-Salinas et al. (2011) muestran una menor presencia del género femenino que del masculino en los artículos publicados en revistas españolas en ciencias sociales y jurídicas, a pesar de que en ese país la representación global de las investigadoras en dichas áreas está, en relación con los investigadores, casi equiparada. "
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work is to assess gender distribution differences in authorship of papers in the field of Vertebrate Paleontology published in the Argentine journal Ameghiniana from 1957 to 2011. The bibliometric method was used to analyze gender distribution and evolution of the signing authors, their productivity, geographical origin, authorship composition (i.e., author and co-author), order of authors, taxon and citation levels. Results show predominance of men in number of signatures, mean annual productivity rates and average citation levels. No significant differences were found between gender for the taxa studied or in the order of the signatures. Significant differences were observed in the geographical origin of the authors. In view of the authorship gender distribution of papers published in Ameghiniana, we conclude that men continue to lead in the discipline of Vertebrate Palaeontology. The increase of women authors, the leveling of productivity over the last decade and the increase co-authorships including women, however, are clear signs of a shifting trend.