Anesthesia suppresses nonsynchronous responses to repetitive broadband stimuli.

University of Oklahoma, 865 Asp Avenue, Felgar Hall 210, Norman, OK 73019, USA.
Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 3.12). 04/2007; 145(1):357-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.11.043
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although many aspects of sensory processing are qualitatively similar in awake and anesthetized subjects, important state-dependent differences are known to exist. To investigate the effects of anesthesia on temporal processing in rat auditory cortex, multi-unit neural responses to trains of broadband clicks were recorded prior to, 15 min following, and 5 h following the administration of a ketamine-based anesthetic. While responses to clicks in isolation were relatively stable between states, responses to subsequent clicks exhibited increases in latency, peak latency, response duration, and post-onset suppression under anesthesia. Ketamine anesthetic reduced the maximum rate at which multi-unit clusters entrained to repeated clicks. No multi-unit clusters entrained to stimulus presentation rates greater than 33 Hz under anesthesia, compared with 85% and 81% in the pre- and post-anesthetic condition, respectively. Anesthesia also induced oscillatory activity that was not present in awake subjects. Finally, ketamine anesthesia abolished all tonic excitatory and suppressive nonsynchronous responses to click trains. The results of this study suggest that ketamine-based anesthesia significantly alters neural coding of broadband click trains in auditory cortex.

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