Cutaneous metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma: a rare presentation and review of the literature.
ABSTRACT A 53-year-old male Nigerian with a rare cutaneous metastasis and a late manifestation of hepatocellular carcinoma is presented. The skin nodules were umbilicated, painless. firm and spread on the chest, abdomen and back. Ultrasonography showed a huge mass in the right lobe of the liver. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the liver revealed hepatocellular carcinoma and the skin nodule, metastatic carcinoma of hepatic origin. The immunological marker HBsAg was positive while Anti-HCV Ab and alpha-feto-protein were negative. Patient died and consent for post-mortem examination was refused.
- SourceAvailable from: Carlos CentenoMedicina Clínica 04/2008; 130(11):439. · 1.40 Impact Factor
- Borno Medical Journal. 01/2012; 9(2):41-43.
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ABSTRACT: Cases with subcutaneous metastasis of differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma to the abdominal wall without prior seeding as a consequence of local interventions with a negative or normal alpha-fetoprotein level in the serum are extremely rare. This is the first report of a case with AFP-negative, differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis to the abdominal wall within a pre-existing subcutaneous lipoma since childhood after antiandrogen therapy with leuprorelin and buserelin acetate for prostate cancer without seeding. Clinical features including histology, immunohistochemistry, clinical course and surgical approach are presented. Histological examination revealed a hepatocellular carcinoma with a trabecular and pseudoglandular growth pattern with moderately atypical hepatocytes with multifocal bile formation within a lipoma. The postoperative course of abdominal wall reconstruction with a monocryl-prolene mesh and a local flap after potentially curative resection was uncomplicated. It may be that previous antiandrogen treatment for prostate carcinoma contributed to the fact that our patient developed alpha-fetoprotein-negative and androgen receptor-negative subcutaneous abdominal wall metastasis within a pre-existing lipoma since childhood.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2012; 10:98. · 1.09 Impact Factor